Stephanie P. Niemeyer

HOOD, AZARIAH JESSE (1824–1900). Azariah Jesse Hood, attorney, judge, and state legislator, was born on August 14, 1824, in Lancaster, South Carolina, son of Humphrey and Sarah (Truesdale) Hood. After his mother's death, the family moved to Yalobusha County, Mississippi. At age eighteen Hood left home and began to teach while studying law. In 1846 he was admitted to the bar. He moved to Rusk, Texas, and began his law practice. In 1851 Hood was elected to the state legislature for Cherokee County. Although he was one of the youngest members, he served on the Judiciary Committee and chaired the Engrossed Bills Committee during his term. In 1856 he was elected to serve as a state elector for the Democratic Party.

Hood moved to Parker County and settled in Weatherford in 1860. During the Civil War he stayed in Weatherford to watch for raiding American Indians. He would often lead posses of men to hunt for Indians but was not very successful in repelling them. During this time Hood's first wife, Elizabeth A. (McEwen) Hood, whom he married on May 22, 1852, died leaving him with six children. Hood married his second wife, M. L. Kerr, in 1876 and had one son with her before her death in 1876.

In 1874 Hood was appointed judge of the Thirteenth Judicial Court. He served two years and tried to retire from public life in 1876, but the lack of lawyers in Parker County forced him to resume his law practice in 1878. In 1879 he served as a judge again, and in 1880 he was elected judge of the Twenty-ninth Judicial Court. Hood was a master Mason. Azariah J. Hood died on February 1, 1900.


Genealogy (, accessed July 19, 2006. William S. Speer and John H. Brown, eds., Encyclopedia of the New West (Marshall, Texas: United States Biographical Publishing, 1881; rpt., Easley, South Carolina: Southern Historical Press, 1978).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Stephanie P. Niemeyer, "HOOD, AZARIAH JESSE," accessed August 21, 2019, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fhocd.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Modified on November 26, 2014. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

Get this week's most popular Handbook of Texas articles delivered straight to your inbox