While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


Arthur Lefevre, Jr.
William C. Hogg
William Clifford Hogg. Courtesy of the Houston Press. Image available on the Internet and included in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.
Texaco Ad
Texaco Advertisment featuring the Texaco Star. Image available on the Internet and included in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.
Alcalde Article
Alcalde Article honoring Will Hogg, 1930. Courtesy of the University of Texas System. Image available on the Internet and included in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.
Bayou Bend
Will Hogg's home Bayou Bend, now part of the Museum of Fine Arts, Houston. Courtesy of the Houston Press. Image available on the Internet and included in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.

HOGG, WILLIAM CLIFFORD (1875–1930). William Clifford Hogg, lawyer and businessman, son of Sallie (Stinson) and James Stephen Hogg, was born at Quitman, Texas, on January 31, 1875. He attended Austin public schools and Professor Orr's County School near Tyler before entering Southwestern University at Georgetown. At Southwestern he contemplated entering the Methodist ministry but finally decided to study law at the University of Texas, where he received his LL.B. degree in 1897. Will Hogg practiced law for a few years in San Antonio and then joined his father in the firm of Hogg, Robertson, and Hogg at Austin. He later was associated with the Mercantile Trust Company in St. Louis until his father's death in 1906 made it necessary for him to take charge of the Hogg interests in Houston. He became assistant to Joseph S. Cullinan of the Texas Company (later Texaco), was made chairman of numerous advisory committees, and was a director of various subsidiaries of the Texas Company such as Southern Trust Company, Midland Securities Company, and Producers Oil Company. The Texaco Star was founded through his efforts in 1913. In January 1913 Hogg, Cullinan, and James L. Autry formed the Farmers Petroleum Company, the Fidelity Trust Company, and the American Republics Corporation. Hogg had assisted in the organization of the Great Southern Life Insurance Company in 1909 and in 1915 formed Hogg, Dickson, and Hogg, cotton factors, a firm which was dissolved when all three partners left for war activities during World War I. Hogg was in Washington as a dollar-a-year man in the special intelligence service. After the war Hogg Brothers was organized to handle the family properties and investments. Through it Will Hogg promoted various altruistic projects including the Houston Civic Center and the Forum of Civics. As chairman of the City Planning Commission of Houston, he advocated a city plan and zoning system. In 1922 he sponsored the River Oaks Corporation for development of the restricted residential River Oaks Addition in Houston. He worked for the Houston Club, the Houston Country Club, the YMCA, and the Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, to which he gave paintings and representative Americana. During 1911 Will Hogg developed the Organization for the Enlargement by the State of Texas of its Institutions of Higher Learning. As president and later secretary of the Ex-Students Association of the University of Texas, he worked for its projects such as Gregory Gymnasium and the University Commons and helped institute the organ of the association, the Alcalde (later the Texas Alcalde), to further its plans. From 1914 to 1916 he was a member of the board of regents of the University of Texas. One of his most valuable services to the university came after his retirement from the board, when in 1917, as a member of the central committee of the Ex-Students Association, he worked for the school in its struggle with Governor James E. Ferguson. Hogg opened offices in Austin, put up money for the fight with the governor, and published the Record of Investigation...of Charges Filed against Governor James E. Ferguson. He urged and supported the formation of student loan funds at all state colleges and the Rice Institute, and to the loan funds he later left considerable amounts. Will Hogg died on September 12, 1930, while vacationing in Europe with his sister, Miss Ima Hogg. After funeral services at his Houston home, Bayou Bend, he was buried in Oakwood Cemetery in Austin. His will left bequests to various Texas institutions of learning and gave the bulk of his estate to the University of Texas, which has used it as a trust fund to support the Hogg Foundation for Mental Health.


J. Evetts Haley, George W. Littlefield, Texan (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1943). William Clifford Hogg Papers, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin. John Avery Lomax, Will Hogg, Texan (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1956). Vertical Files, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin. Bruce J. Weber, Will Hogg and the Business of Reform (Ph.D. dissertation, University of Houston, 1979). Who Was Who in America, 1943.

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Arthur Lefevre, Jr., "HOGG, WILLIAM CLIFFORD," accessed August 08, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fho20.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Modified on March 9, 2017. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...