Amanda Watkins
Sophia Higgins Tombstone.
Tombstone of Sophia File Higgins in Bogata Cemetery in Red River County, Texas. Photograph by Amanda G. Watkins.

HIGGINS, SOPHIA FILE (1804–1887). Sophia File Higgins was born in North Carolina on April 15, 1804. She married Abner Higgins (Hagans) on November 22, 1826, in Cabarrus County, North Carolina. They had two children, Joseph and Margaret, before moving to Weakley County, Tennessee, between 1832 and 1834. In Tennessee they had six more children—Henry, John, Elizabeth, Caroline, James and Thomas. According to the 1850 census, Sophia and Abner were illiterate, however, all of their children attended school. 

By 1860 Sophia Higgins maintained the home as head of household (presumably her husband Abner passed away). She continued to live in Weakley County, Tennessee, and the 1860 census recorded her real estate value at $500 and her personal real estate value at $300. In December 1861 she moved to Red River County, Texas, with several of her children.

The family maintained a farm north of Bogata, Texas, in central Red River County. The closest post office was in Maple Springs. Sophia Higgins was granted land by the General Land Office, and, as a resident of the property for at least three years, she received 160 acres through the Red River Scrip. She passed away in Bogata, Texas, on January 4, 1887.  She is interred in Bogata Cemetery, and her tombstone identifies her as “wife of Abner.” She is buried close to her son Joseph and a daughter-in-law and granddaughter.


Land Grant Records, Sophia Higgins Papers, File No. 394, Original Land Grant Collection, Archives and Records Division, Texas General Land Office, Austin. “Sophia Higgins,” Find A Grave Memorial (https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/6739534/sophia-higgins), accessed June 6, 2018

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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Amanda Watkins, "HIGGINS, SOPHIA FILE ," accessed May 23, 2019, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fhigg.

Uploaded on June 12, 2018. Modified on June 15, 2018. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

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