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HILL, ALEXANDER CAMPBELL (1834–1897). Alexander Campbell Hill, Confederate soldier and Church of Christ preacher, was born on September 2, 1834, on the Franklin, Tennessee, farm of his parents, William Hickman and Sally (Brown) Hill. In 1852 he moved to Texas with his parents and family slaves, helping to establish a farm near Manor in Travis County, twelve miles east of Austin. The following year Hill's father died, and he became the manager of the new farm until 1857 when he returned east to attend Bethany College in Virginia, a Church of Christ supported school. Upon graduation Hill returned to Texas and became a staunch supporter of Sam Houston's candidacy for governor in 1859. Hill was a sponsor of Houston's inaugural ball. On that occasion Hill and his partner were judged "the best looking and most graceful dancers" and were awarded a basket of champagne. In 1861 Hill married Mary Bolling Gregg of Manor; the couple had three sons. Although an ardent Unionist, Hill enlisted in April 1862 as a private in Company F of Col. Trezevant C. Hawpe's Thirty-first Texas Cavalry. After a year's service in Arkansas, Missouri, and Indian Territory, the regiment was dismounted and attached to Col. Joseph W. Speight's brigade (see POLIGNAC'S BRIGADE). Hill served east of the Mississippi River for a short time during 1863 but returned to Louisiana that winter. Speight's brigade was consolidated with that of Brig. Gen. Camille J. Polignacqv and served under Polignac during the Red River campaign of 1864. In December 1864 the brigade passed to the command of Brig. Gen. James E. Harrison and served until the end of the war in Arkansas and Louisiana. Hill, in the meantime, had been promoted to regimental adjutant. Following the death of his first wife on May 1, 1871, Hill married Louisa Hadassah Maxwell on June 4, 1872; they had five additional children. In 1886 Hill and his family sold their farm and moved into Austin where he established a real estate and loan business that he operated until his death. Hill had been named for Alexander Campbell, the organizer of the Church of Christ, and following the Civil War he became a minister of that faith, serving without pay as a substitute pastor for churches throughout Central Texas. He was also a Mason. Hill died on October 31, 1897. Two of his Civil War letters to his friend Judge T. M. Rector are preserved in the University of Texas Barker Texas History Center.

Civil War Miscellany, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin. Ellis A. Davis and Edwin H. Grobe, comps., The New Encyclopedia of Texas (4 vols., 1929?). Amelia W. Williams and Eugene C. Barker, eds., The Writings of Sam Houston, 1813–1863 (8 vols., Austin: University of Texas Press, 1938–43; rpt., Austin and New York: Pemberton Press, 1970).
Thomas W. Cutrer

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Handbook of Texas Online, Thomas W. Cutrer, "Hill, Alexander Campbell," accessed November 20, 2017,

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.