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HILGARTNER, HENRY LOUIS (1868–1937). Henry Louis Hilgartner, physician, son of Ludwig and Kunigunda (Dietz) Hilgartner, was born on July 10, 1868, in Baltimore, Maryland. After attending private schools and the City College of Baltimore, he received his M.D. degree at the University of Maryland in 1889. He did advanced study in Baltimore, New York, and Vienna before he moved to Austin, Texas, in July 1891. In 1893 he was appointed oculist for the Texas School for the Blind. After receiving his bachelor of science degree from the University of Texas in 1896, he became surgeon of the Texas Eye, Ear, Nose, and Throat Hospital (later Texas Sanitarium). During World War I Hilgartner served as eye, ear, nose, and throat surgeon and examiner for the United States School of Military Aeronautics. He was considered the "founding father" of the Travis County Association for the Blind, founded in 1934 and later known as the Austin Lighthouse for the Blind. Hilgartner married Adela Belle Palm on February 8, 1893, and was the father of two children. His son became an ophthalmologist and served on the board of the Lighthouse in the 1970s. Hilgartner was a Mason, an Episcopalian, and a Democrat. He died on June 9, 1937, in Atlantic City, New Jersey, while attending a medical convention.


Austin Statesman, June 9, 1937. Who Was Who in America, Vol. 2.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

"HILGARTNER, HENRY LOUIS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 26, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.