While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


W. A. McQuiddy

HEXT, SAM (ca. 1842–?). Sam Hext was born a slave in Florida around 1842. He was taken to Jasper County, Texas, in 1844 and there adopted the name Hext. He was probably freed in 1851 upon the death of Mrs. James Heartly Hext and accompanied her son Joseph to the Cherokee area of San Saba County in 1853. "Old Sam," as he came to be called, constructed a rock dam at Hext Spring, west of Cherokee, and became a cowboy and Indian fighter. He trailed cattle for the Gray brothers to Fort Sumner, New Mexico, in 1868. At Horsehead Crossing on the Pecos, Indians ran off 400 of the 2,000 longhorn cattle in the herd. The 1870 census of San Saba County listed Hext as a cattle driver with a personal estate valued at $200. He was literate and was appointed trustee to oversee the founding of the school at Salt Creek in San Saba County in 1879. He moved to Greer County in 1890 with his wife, Julia Ann, and five children.

Goldie Smith Conley, Cherokee Creek Country (Austin: Nortex Press, 1988). Frank Gray, Pioneer Adventures (Cherokee, Texas, 1948). Frank Gray, Pioneering in Southwest Texas (Austin: Steck, 1949). Alma Ward Hamrick, The Call of the San Saba: A History of San Saba County (San Antonio: Naylor, 1941; 2d ed., Austin: Jenkins, 1969).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, W. A. McQuiddy, "HEXT, SAM," accessed May 25, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fheub.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...