While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


Cherise J. Bell
August Watkins Harris, Sr. (1893–1968).
Gravestone of August Watkins Harris, Sr., at Oakwood Cemetery in Austin. Image available on the Internet and included in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.

HARRIS, AUGUST WATKINS, SR. [WATT] (1893–1968). August Watkins “Watt” Harris, Sr., architect, was born on October 8, 1893, in Austin, Texas, to William Watkins Harris and Lou (Swartz) Harris. In 1910 Harris enrolled at the University of Texas at Austin (UT). There, he studied architecture and founded the Theta Xi fraternity on campus. He worked for Austin architect Dennis Walsh during and after attending UT. During World War I, he served as an officer in the United States Army in France. In 1919 he went to work for architect David R. Williams in Tampico, Mexico. 

Upon returning to the United States in 1921, Harris partnered with Bertram E. Giesecke, a former University of Texas classmate, to form the architectural firm Giesecke & Harris. The firm was active throughout the state of Texas and designed residential, commercial, and public buildings, especially schools. Three of their buildings are listed on the National Register of Historic Places, while other buildings are Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks.

With the impending threat of American entry into World War II, Harris returned to military service in 1940, causing the dissolution of the Giesecke & Harris architectural firm in 1941. He was discharged in 1946, having attained the rank of lieutenant colonel. Upon returning to Austin after the war, Harris continued to practice architecture independently until he formed a partnership with his son, William. Two notable buildings designed by Harris are the State Bar of Texas building (1951) and Govalle Fire Station No. 15 (1952)—both in Austin.  Harris’s contributions to architecture also include research on Austin’s built environment as he authored two books: Minor and Major Mansions in Early Austin (1958), and The Elgin-Butler Brick Company, 1873–1963 (1963). He was a member of the American Institute of Architects (AIA).

His civic involvement included memberships in the Austin Chamber of Commerce Military Affairs Committee, the Heritage Society of Austin, Austin’s Zoning Commission, the Travis County Historical Survey Committee, the American Legion, and the National Housing Agency. He had also served as a consultant with the Austin Mayor’s Emergency Housing Commission to provide housing for World War II veterans.

August Watkins Harris, Sr., married Loula MacGill Ujffy in 1922, and they had four children: Clara, August Jr., William, and Eleanor. Harris died of bronchopnuemonia during a lengthy stay at the Veteran’s Administration Hospital in Waco on January 31, 1968. He was buried at the Oakwood Cemetery in Austin.


“August Watkins ‘Wat’ Harris,” Find A Grave Memorial (https://fr-ca.findagrave.com/memorial/26214565/august-watkins-harris), accessed April 10, 2019. August Watkins Harris Papers, 1959, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin. August Watkins Harris Records and Drawings (AR.2009.43). Austin History Center, Austin Public Library, Texas. 

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Cherise J. Bell, "HARRIS, AUGUST WATKINS, SR. [WATT] ," accessed May 27, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fhari.

Uploaded on April 16, 2019. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...