HAZEN, WILLIAM BABCOCK
HAZEN, WILLIAM BABCOCK (1830–1887). William Babcock Hazen, United States Army general and author, was born in Vermont in 1830. He graduated from the United States Military Academy in July 1855, twenty-eighth in a class of thirty-four, and was commissioned second lieutenant in the Eighth United States Infantryqv. After serving tours of duty in California and Oregon, he was transferred to the Texas frontier in 1858. On July 4 he led a punitive and exploring expedition from Fort Davis, Jeff Davis County, against the Mescalero Apaches in the Guadalupe Mountains. In 1859 he led two expeditions from Fort Inge, the first on September 29 and the second on October 30. Hazen was wounded during the latter campaign, but he stayed in command of his men until the Indians had been defeated. He remained in the army, received prompt promotions, and was cited for gallant and meritorious services during the Civil War, during which he commanded Northern units at battles including those at Shiloh, Corinth, Murfreesboro, and Chickamauga. He was brevetted to major general and served for a time on the frontier in actions to quell hostile Indians. In 1880 he was promoted to brigadier general and made chief signal officer. He wrote School and Army of France and Germany (1870) and Barren Lands of the Interior of the United States (1874). Hazen died on January 16, 1887.
Mark Mayo Boatner, Civil War Dictionary (New York: David McKay, 1959). George W. Cullum, Biographical Register of the Officers and Graduates of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, New York (8 vols., New York [etc.]: D. Van Nostrand [etc.], 1868–1940). M. L. Crimmins, "Lt. William B. Hazen, Eighth Infantry, in Texas," Frontier Times, September 1932.
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Carolyn Hyman, "HAZEN, WILLIAM BABCOCK," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fhabr), accessed February 09, 2016. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Get Texas history everyday,
with day by day
Each day's email tells a little bit more of the story of Texas and links to our collection of more than 27,000 articles