HAMILTON, WALTON HALE
HAMILTON, WALTON HALE (1881–1958). Walton Hale Hamilton, law and economics professor, was born at Hiwassee College, Tennessee, on October 30, 1881, the son of Hale Snow and Bettie Dixon (Hudgings) Hamilton. He attended Webb School, Bell Buckle, Tennessee, from 1898 to 1901 and Vanderbilt University from 1901 to 1903. He received a B.A. degree from the University of Texas in 1907. He taught in the public schools of Belton and Temple until 1909, when he became an instructor in medieval history at the University of Texas. He received a Ph.D. degree in 1913 from the University of Michigan, and Yale University conferred on him an honorary M.A. degree in 1928. Hamilton was instructor of economics at the University of Michigan, 1910–13; professor of political economy, 1913–14; assistant professor of political economy at the University of Chicago, 1914–15; and professor of economics at Amherst College, 1915–23. From 1923 to 1928 he taught at Robert Brookings Graduate School, and from 1928 to 1948 was professor of law at Yale, though he had never formally studied law. He became Southmayd Professor of Law, emeritus, and won renown as a teacher and writer on legal and economic subjects and as a specialist in the law of social control of business.
Hamilton was a member of the law firm of Arnold, Fortas, and Porter in Washington, D.C.; a member of the National Recovery Administration Board, 1934–35; a delegate of the United States government to the International Labor Conference at Geneva in 1935; special assistant to the attorney general of the United States, 1938–45; and a member of the Georgia bar. He also served on a presidential fact-finding board arbitrating a Pullman wage dispute. He was a prolific contributor to legal and economic periodicals and wrote Current Economic Problems (1915, 1925), Price and Price Policies (1938), The Pattern of Competition (1940), Patents and Free Enterprise (1941), and The Politics of Industry (1951); with others he also wrote The Control of Wages (1923), The Case of Bituminous Coal (1925), A Way of Order for Bituminous Coal (1928), The Power to Govern (1937), and Antitrust in Action (1940). He married Lucile Elizabeth Rhodes in 1909; they had three children. After the death of Mrs. Hamilton, he married Irene Till, on July 20, 1937; they had two children. Hamilton died in Washington, D.C., on October 27, 1958.
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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Richard T. Fleming, "Hamilton, Walton Hale," accessed August 29, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fha38.
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