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Robert Bruce Blake
Portrait of Vicente R. Guerrero
Portrait of Vicente R. Guerrero. Image available on the Internet and included in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.

GUERRERO, VICENTE RAMÓN (1782–1831). Vicente Ramón Guerrero, leader of Mexican rebels against Spanish rule and president of Mexico, the son of Juan Pedro Guerrero and María Guadalupe Saldaño, was born in Textla, Mexico, on August 1, 1782. He became the leader of guerrilla forces in the Mexican war of independence and in 1824 won the vice presidency of Mexico. In 1828 Manuel Gómez Pedraza defeated him for the presidency, but with Pedraza's enforced resignation, Guerrero was recognized as president on April 1, 1829. His relationship to Texas history is through the Guerrero Decree, which was regarded as a confiscation of property and so alarmed the vested interests in Mexico that it led to a revolt against him. Anastasio Bustamante succeeded him as chief executive on January 1, 1830, and Guerrero was shot by a firing squad on February 14, 1831.


Mario S. Guerrero, Vicente Guerrero's Struggle for Mexican Independence, 1810–1821 (Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Santa Barbara, 1977). Eugene Wilson Harrell, Vicente Guerrero and the Birth of Modern Mexico (Ph.D. dissertation, Tulane University, 1976). José María Lafragua, Vicente Guerrero (Mexico City: PRI Comisión Nacional Editorial, 1976). Antonio Magana Esquivel, Guerrero, el héroe del sur (Mexico City: Ediciones Xochitl, 1946). William F. Sprague, The Life of Vicente Guerrero, Mexican Revolutionary Patriot, 1782–1831 (Ph.D. dissertation, University of Texas, 1934).

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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Robert Bruce Blake, "GUERRERO, VICENTE RAMON," accessed August 21, 2019,

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Modified on March 9, 2016. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

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