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GUENTHER, CARL HEINRICH (1821–1870). Heinrich Guenther, teacher, politician, and musician, was born Carl (or Karl) Heinrich Guentherat Zeitz, Saxony, on September 9, 1821. He was the son of Karl Friedrich Guenther and Johanne Rosine (Weitze) Guenther. He sailed to Texas with the colonists of the Adelsverein in 1845. He established himself as a community leader. On January 25, 1854, he married Margarethe Elisabeth Schertz in Comaltown (now part of New Braunfels), Texas; they had seven children. Guenther taught in the city school until 1858, when New Braunfels Academy superseded it. In 1854, as a delegate of the Politischer Verein of New Braunfels, Guenther was elected president of the annual Staats-Säengerfest in San Antonio on May 14 and 15. He served on a committee with a Dr. Nohl and Louis C. Ervendberg to formulate plans to stir up interest for a national convention of the Bund Freier Männer at St. Louis early in November 1854. He was also one of the first directors of the Germania, the first singing society in Texas, organized at New Braunfels on March 2, 1850. During the Civil War he became a captain for one of the companies of the local militia. Guenther died in New Braunfels on April 8, 1870, and was buried in New Braunfels Cemetery. A Texas Historical Marker was erected at his gravesite in 2010. See also GERMAN MUSIC.


Rudolph L. Biesele, The History of the German Settlements in Texas, 1831–1861 (Austin: Von Boeckmann-Jones, 1930; rpt. 1964). Edgar R. Dabney, The Settlement of New Braunfels and the History of Its Earlier Schools (M.A. thesis, University of Texas, 1927). Historical Marker Files, Texas Historical Commission, Austin. “Karl Heinrich Guenther,” Find A Grave Memorial (, accessed November 3, 2015. New Braunfels Zeitung, December 17, 1852; April 29, July 1, 1853; May 19, 26, 1854; April 15, 1870; July 22, 1926.

Rudolph L. Biesele, rev. by Laurie E. Jasinski


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Rudolph L. Biesele, rev. by Laurie E. Jasinski, "GUENTHER, CARL HEINRICH," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 28, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Modified on November 3, 2015. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.