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GREENWOOD, JAMES, SR. (1878–1949). James Greenwood, Sr., neuropsychiatrist, was born in Seguin, Texas, on April 18, 1878, the son of Judge James and Corinna (Henderson) Greenwood. He attended private schools and the John H. Bishop Academy for Young Men in Seguin. In 1901 he received his M.D. from the University of Texas Medical Branch in Galveston. Greenwood was on the staff of the San Antonio State Hospital for Mental Diseases from 1902 to 1906, when he went into private practice in Seguin. In 1908 he returned to UTMB as instructor in pediatrics, clinical medicine, and physical diagnosis. He left Galveston in 1912 to establish the Greenwood Sanitarium for treatment of neuropsychiatric diseases in Houston. He continued his practice there until his retirement in 1947. From 1943 to 1947 he also served as professor of neuropsychiatry at Baylor University College of Medicine.

Greenwood was a charter member and first president of the Texas Neuropsychiatric Association and president of the Harris County Medical Society (1926). He served as vice president of the Texas State Medical Association (1926–27), secretary of the Section on Mental and Nervous Disease and Medical Jurisprudence (1910), and secretary of the Section on State Medical and Public Hygiene (1918). He was a member, consecutively, of the Bexar, Guadalupe, Galveston, and Harris County medical societies, as well as the American Psychiatric Association and the Southern Psychiatric Association. He wrote a number of papers on neurology and psychiatry. He sponsored the Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, and was granted a patent on a perpetual calendar designed on the same principle as a differential gear.

Greenwood married Ella Harris on September 24, 1906. They had three sons and two daughters. He died at his home on August 22, 1949, of cerebral arteriosclerosis. He was an Episcopalian, a mason, and a member of the Houston Chamber of Commerce, the Rotary Club, and the River Oaks Country Club.


Reference Folder, Houston Academy of Medicine-Texas Medical Center Library, Harris County Medical Archive. Texas State Journal of Medicine, October 1949.

Patricia L. Jakobi


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Patricia L. Jakobi, "GREENWOOD, JAMES, SR.," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 28, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.