While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »

GREENWOOD, JAMES, SR.

Patricia L. Jakobi
UTMB
University of Texas Medical Branch, 1920. Courtesy of the University of Texas at Austin. Image available on the Internet and included in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.
College of Medicine
Original Baylor College of Medicine, Houston. Image available on the Internet and included in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.

GREENWOOD, JAMES, SR. (1878–1949). James Greenwood, Sr., neuropsychiatrist, was born in Seguin, Texas, on April 18, 1878, the son of Judge James and Corinna (Henderson) Greenwood. He attended private schools and the John H. Bishop Academy for Young Men in Seguin. In 1901 he received his M.D. from the University of Texas Medical Branch in Galveston. Greenwood was on the staff of the San Antonio State Hospital for Mental Diseases from 1902 to 1906, when he went into private practice in Seguin. In 1908 he returned to UTMB as instructor in pediatrics, clinical medicine, and physical diagnosis. He left Galveston in 1912 to establish the Greenwood Sanitarium for treatment of neuropsychiatric diseases in Houston. He continued his practice there until his retirement in 1947. From 1943 to 1947 he also served as professor of neuropsychiatry at Baylor University College of Medicine.

HCMS Logo
Harris County Medical Society Logo. Image available on the Internet and included in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.

Greenwood was a charter member and first president of the Texas Neuropsychiatric Association and president of the Harris County Medical Society (1926). He served as vice president of the Texas State Medical Association (1926–27), secretary of the Section on Mental and Nervous Disease and Medical Jurisprudence (1910), and secretary of the Section on State Medical and Public Hygiene (1918). He was a member, consecutively, of the Bexar, Guadalupe, Galveston, and Harris County medical societies, as well as the American Psychiatric Association and the Southern Psychiatric Association. He wrote a number of papers on neurology and psychiatry. He sponsored the Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, and was granted a patent on a perpetual calendar designed on the same principle as a differential gear.

Greenwood's Headstone
James Greenwood's Headstone. Image available on the Internet and included in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.

Greenwood married Ella Harris on September 24, 1906. They had three sons and two daughters. He died at his home on August 22, 1949, of cerebral arteriosclerosis. He was an Episcopalian, a mason, and a member of the Houston Chamber of Commerce, the Rotary Club, and the River Oaks Country Club.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: 

Reference Folder, Houston Academy of Medicine-Texas Medical Center Library, Harris County Medical Archive. Texas State Journal of Medicine, October 1949.

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.

Citation

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Patricia L. Jakobi, "GREENWOOD, JAMES, SR.," accessed August 12, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fgrah.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Modified on February 22, 2017. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...