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Patricia L. Jakobi

GRAHAM, GEORGE MALCOLM (1886–1937). George Malcolm Graham, pathologist, bacteriologist, and researcher, was born on January 31, 1886, in Austin, Texas, the son of J. W. and Harriet (Murray) Graham. His father, a druggist in Austin, was at one time a regent of the University of Texas. His grandfather, Beriah Graham, was superintendent of the State Lunatic Asylum (later the Austin State Hospital) for many years. Graham attended public schools in Austin and graduated from the University of Texas in 1907. Though he was an outstanding baseball player, he declined offers to enter professional baseball in order to study medicine. He graduated from the University of Texas Medical Branch in 1912. After serving an internship at John Sealy Hospital, he returned to Austin, where he lived for the remainder of his life.

Early in his professional life Graham became interested in pathology and bacteriology. He served for a number of years as director of laboratories for the Texas Department of Health. He was also the clinical director of the Rockefeller Foundation's research commission on hookworms in Texas. His skills as a researcher helped him to uncover the source of a serious diphtheria outbreak in Austin by narrowing his search until he found the cause, a single cow with an ulcerated udder. Graham left the Department of Health and opened a private clinical laboratory, where he worked for the remainder of his life. He also served as pathologist for Seton Infirmary, Physicians and Surgeons Hospital, and Austin City Hospital.

Throughout his professional life Graham was a member of the Travis County Medical Society, the Texas State Medical Association (later the Texas Medical Association), and the American Medical Association. He was a regular contributor to medical literature and attained an international reputation for his research on relapsing fever in Texas. While tracing the source of infection to ticks infesting caves in Burnet, Llano, and Lampasas counties, he became infected with the fever and was ill for some months.

Graham married Sylvia Tellier shortly after graduation from medical school. They had no children. He died of encephalitis in an Austin hospital on December 25, 1937.

Austin American-Statesman, December 26, 1937. Texas State Journal of Medicine, February 1938.

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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Patricia L. Jakobi, "GRAHAM, GEORGE MALCOLM," accessed July 17, 2019,

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

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