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GRIFFIN, J. L. (?–?). J. L. (Sin Killer) Griffin, a black minister who organized the Rescue Association of the United States of America and Africa in 1913, was employed by the Texas Breweries Association to see that African Americans paid their poll tax and voted against prohibition. The brewers' support, however, was decentralized and often inconsistent. Griffin was forced to make repeated pleas for money to various brewers throughout the state, not only for his operating expenses but on occasion for bail money, after being thrown in jail for trying to register Black Texans. In 1889 he separated from the Baptist Church and formed a church of his own, a "holiness" group called the Strangers' Tabernacle.


Brewers and Texas Politics (2 vols., San Antonio: Passing Show Printing Company, 1916). Ralph W. Steen, Twentieth Century Texas: An Economic and Social History (Austin: Steck, 1942).


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

"GRIFFIN, J. L.," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 28, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.