While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


Donald E. Chipman

GONZÁLEZ, JOSÉ (?–1773). José González was a military officer stationed in Texas during the governorship of Juan María Vicencio de Ripperdá (1770–78). In July 1770 Lieutenant González, from his command at the Los Adaes presidio, passed intelligence to Ripperdá that Taovaya Indians and their allies intended to attack San Antonio and drive all Spaniards from that settlement. The governor responded by strengthening the defenses of Bexar. He ordered the complete abandonment of El Orcoquisac, reassigning its personnel to San Antonio; and he likewise instructed González to transfer all but ten men from Los Adaes. The latter contingent arrived at San Antonio in February 1771. Following issuance of the New Regulations for Presidios (1772), commandant inspector Hugo Oconór ordered Ripperdá to dismantle the garrison at Los Adaes and to arrange for the transfer of all settlers from East Texas to San Antonio. The governor issued his instructions in Los Adaes and then returned to San Antonio, leaving enforcement of the order in the hands of the aged Lieutenant González, who had been a resident of Los Adaes for thirty-seven years. From the former capital, González led the forced evacuation as far as Nacogdoches, where he fell ill and died, on July 30, 1773. The caravan, however, continued on to Bexar and reached the new capital on September 26. Ironically, González, a veteran of many campaigns against the Indians, had been scheduled for retirement upon his arrival at San Antonio.


Herbert Eugene Bolton, "The Spanish Abandonment and Re-occupation of East Texas, 1773–1779," Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association 9 (October 1905). Carlos E. Castañeda, Our Catholic Heritage in Texas (7 vols., Austin: Von Boeckmann-Jones, 1936–58; rpt., New York: Arno, 1976).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Donald E. Chipman, "GONZALEZ, JOSE," accessed July 03, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fgo66.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Modified on December 10, 2019. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...