GORGAS, WILLIAM CRAWFORD
GORGAS, WILLIAM CRAWFORD (1854–1920). William Crawford Gorgas, pioneer, physician, and United States Army surgeon general, was born at Toulminville, Alabama, on October 3, 1854, the son of Gen. Josiah and Amelia (Gayle) Gorgas. Josiah Gorgas was chief of ordnance of the Confederate Army. After training at Bellvue Hospital Medical College, Gorgas was appointed to the United States Army Medical Corps in June 1880. He was sent to various posts in Texas for duty-Fort Clark, Fort Duncan, and Fort Brown. While at Fort Brown, from 1882 to 1884, he met Marie Cook Doughty, whom he married in 1885. Gorgas was appointed chief sanitary officer in 1898 and surgeon general of the United States Army in 1914. As such, he won international fame battling yellow fever, the scourge of tropical climates-first in Florida, later in Havana, and finally at the Panama Canal. Shortly before he died he was knighted by King George IV in Queen Alexandra Military Hospital. Gorgas died on July 3, 1920, and was given a special funeral in St. Paul's Cathedral, with the honors of a British major general. His body was brought to the United States and buried at Arlington National Cemetery.
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Frank E. Vandiver, "Gorgas, William Crawford," accessed August 29, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fgo18.
Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.