GONZALES, RAFAEL (1789–1857). Rafael Gonzales, governor of Coahuila and Texas, was born in San Fernando de Béxar in 1789. He began his military career as a cadet in the presidial company of Nuestra Señora de Loreto. He was made second alferez in October 1810 and first alferez in 1813. He was promoted to second lieutenant on June 3, 1814, and moved to the presidio at Monclova. He became a first lieutenant on July 14, 1815, and captain on May 18, 1818. On July 3, 1821, Gonzales joined the Mexican independence movement and on December 12, 1821, was made a lieutenant colonel. He was governor of Coahuila and Texas from August 15, 1824, to March 15, 1826. In 1834 he was secretary of the comandancia of Coahuila and Texas. He died in 1857. The present town of Gonzales, Texas, was named for him.

Vito Alessio Robles, Coahuila y Texas en la época colonial (Mexico City: Editorial Cultura, 1938; 2d ed., Mexico City: Editorial Porrúa, 1978). Dudley Goodall Wooten, ed., A Comprehensive History of Texas (2 vols., Dallas: Scarff, 1898; rpt., Austin: Texas State Historical Association, 1986).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, "GONZALES, RAFAEL," accessed July 22, 2019, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fgo07.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

Get this week's most popular Handbook of Texas articles delivered straight to your inbox