Thomas W. Cutrer

GILL, JOHN PORTER (1801–1869). John Porter Gill, soldier of the Texas revolution, was born in Alabama on August 9, 1801, and moved to Texas in May 1831. On August 9, 1835, he joined ninety-three other Brazoria residents in signing a call for a convention "to quiet the present excitement and promote the general interest of Texas." In the revolution, however, Gill was elected first lieutenant of Capt. John York's company of volunteers at the siege of Bexar and on December 8 commanded a detachment that reinforced the beleaguered Texans occupying Zambrano Row opposite the town's Main Plaza. Gill served as first lieutenant of Capt. Thomas H. McIntire's Fifth Company of Col. Sidney Sherman's Second Regiment, Texas Volunteers, at the battle of San Jacinto, and afterward was elected first lieutenant of Capt. Washington H. Secrest's company of Washington Cavalry. He served from June 1836 until his discharge on October 23, 1836.

On January 21, 1837, Gill was elected captain of one of the two companies of Brazoria County militia in the battalion of Maj. Willis A. Faris. By 1840 he owned four town lots in Columbia in partnership with Daniel T. Fitchett. He was elected justice of the peace of Brazoria County's first precinct on August 4, 1844. On January 17, 1852, Gill received 320 acres of bounty land in Lavaca County for his military service, and on October 11, 1870, his heirs received an additional 640 acres in Hunt County for his participation at San Jacinto. At some time before his death on April 19, 1869, Gill moved to Fort Bend County. He was single when he moved to Texas and apparently never married. His brother Robert I. Gill of Gonzales County was the principal beneficiary of his estate.

In 1848 a thirty-nine-year-old John Gill of Travis County enlisted for two six-month terms in Capt. Henry E. McCulloch's company of Texas Rangers during the Mexican War. This John Gill died in 1851, and McCulloch was named administrator of his estate.


Compiled Index to Elected and Appointed Officials of the Republic of Texas, 1835–1846 (Austin: State Archives, Texas State Library, 1981). John H. Jenkins, ed., The Papers of the Texas Revolution, 1835–1836 (10 vols., Austin: Presidial Press, 1973). Telegraph and Texas Register, January 27, 1837. Texas State Gazette, November 16, 1850, January 10, 1852.

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Thomas W. Cutrer, "GILL, JOHN PORTER," accessed January 26, 2020,

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Modified on December 5, 2019. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...