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GALLOWAY, AMOS PONDER (1816–1871). Amos Ponder Galloway, doctor and legislator, was born on October 1, 1816, in Oglethorpe, Georgia, son of Anderson and Deliah (Ponder) Galloway. He married Caroline Gewin of Moulton, Alabama, on December 27, 1843. After her death he married Mary H. Pruitt of Lawrence, Alabama, on January 3, 1849. Galloway and his family moved to Texas and settled in Rusk County. In 1851 he was elected to the board of trustees for the Mount Enterprise Male and Female Academy in Laneville. He was elected to the Sixth Texas Legislature as a member of the House of Representatives for Rusk County and was sworn in on July 7, 1856. Galloway served as the postmaster of San Cosme, about eleven miles southwest of Henderson, in 1855 and again in 1861.

Galloway belonged to the Mount Carmel Baptist Church. He died on October 3, 1871, in Rusk County.


Family Search, "Amos Ponder Galloway," (, accessed August 25, 2006. Laws of Texas (, accessed August 25, 2006. "Postmasters and Post Offices of Rusk County, Texas, 1846–1930," Rusk County Rootsweb (, accessed August 25, 2006. Charles E. Spellman, ed., The Texas House of Representatives: A Pictorial Roster, 1846–1992 (Austin: Texas House of Representatives, 1992).

Stephanie P. Niemeyer

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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Stephanie P. Niemeyer, "Galloway, Amos Ponder," accessed January 17, 2018,

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Modified on August 23, 2014. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.