While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


Andreas Oliver Meng Nielsen
Eusebio Garcia (1859–1937).
Eusebio Garcia (1859–1937)—owner of Los Ojuelos Ranch in Webb County. Image available on the Internet and included in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107./

GARCIA, EUSEBIO (1859–1937). Eusebio Garcia, owner of Los Ojuelos Ranch in Webb County, was born in Guerrero, Mexico, on March 5, 1859. He was the son of Jesus Garcia and Ursula (Rodriguez) Garcia. Starting at the age of thirteen, Garcia worked for his uncle, Ramón Alvarado, who was foreman of the King Ranch, for a couple of years. He finally immigrated to the United States on January 1, 1879, and married Maria Josefa Guerra, daughter of Dionisio Guerra who was the owner of the vast Los Ojuelos grant, on January 17, 1882. They had six children. In this union, with the land his wife had inherited along with the land acquired by him through purchases, Garcia put together a ranch of more than 50,000 acres. Los Ojuelos (meaning “The Springs”) was three miles south of Mirando City in Webb County and was the site of a ranching community. In August 1888 Garcia and his wife moved to Laredo. Meanwhile, he and his brother, José María Garcia, had established a general merchandising business in Laredo. The firm, known as J. M. Garcia & Brother, continued until 1904 when it closed. Eusebio Garcia applied for United States citizenship in 1913. On November 13, 1921, the first oil well in a new boom era was located near Los Ojuelos Ranch. Despite the flow of oil, Garcia continued his cattle ranching business. At one time, Garcia had as many as 10,000 cattle. He retired from ranching in 1930 and handed over management to his son, Amador E. Garcia. Eusebio Garcia’s wife died in August 1935. About this time Garcia, who had suffered financial setbacks during the Great Depression, filed for bankruptcy. Garcia, a Catholic, remained at his home in Laredo until his death on December 26, 1937. The ranching community of Los Ojuelos, which was abandoned by the 1950s, received a Texas Historical Marker in 2010.


Alicia M. Dewey, Pesos and Dollars: Entrepreneurs in the Texas-Mexico Borderlands, 1880–1940 (College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 2014). Historical Marker Files, Texas Historical Commission, Austin (Los Ojuelos). Laredo Times, January 17, 1932; September 1, 1935. 

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Andreas Oliver Meng Nielsen, "GARCIA, EUSEBIO ," accessed July 13, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fgabg.

Uploaded on June 18, 2017. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...