While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


Teresa Palomo Acosta

GARCÍA DE FALCÓN, ÉLIDA (1879–1968). Élida García de Falcón, Methodist writer and translator, was born to Juan and Luisa (Benavídez) García in Guerrero, Tamaulipas, Mexico, on March 21, 1879. Both of her parents died before she was ten, and Élida went to live with her sister, who was married to an early Mexican-American Methodist minister. She started her education in the Methodist schools in Mexico where her brother-in-law was posted. After her graduation from the Palmore Institute in Chihuahua, she received a scholarship to attend the Laredo Seminary, a school founded by the Methodists and operated by their Women's Missionary Council for Texas Mexican women along the border. There she continued her studies in English and music and graduated in 1900. Later she also took teacher training at normal schools in Corpus Christi and San Marcos. She became a teacher in Springtown at the age of seventeen and later taught in several towns in the Rio Grande valley.

In 1907 Élida García married Antonio G. Falcón, a descendent of original land grantees in the valley. They had two sons and a daughter. García de Falcón spent some twenty years as a translator for the women's division of the Methodist Church. She helped translate the official Methodist hymnbook into the Spanish version, the Himnario Metodista (1955), edited by Alfredo Náñez, a Methodist minister who was also her son-in-law. This hymnbook and the translated Ritual Metodista are the two most important documents in the Methodist expansion into the Texas Mexican community. In addition to this work García de Falcón wrote articles and apparently poetry for numerous Spanish language newspapers in the state. She died on August 11, 1968.

Walter N. Vernon et al., The Methodist Excitement in Texas (Dallas: Texas United Methodist Historical Society, 1984). Vertical Files, Special Collections, Texas Woman's University.

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Teresa Palomo Acosta, "GARCIA DE FALCON, ELIDA," accessed June 04, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fga90.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...