Stephen L. Hardin

GAYLE, ALEXANDER T. (1815–1857). Alexander T. Gayle, early official and stock raiser, was born in Virginia in 1815. He was trained as a civil engineer. Before moving to Texas in 1836 he operated the brig Argo between New Orleans and Galveston. Gayle applied for Texas citizenship at San Felipe de Austin on February 4, 1839. He seems to have been well off, for he brought several slaves with him when he came to Texas. In 1844 he moved to Texana, Jackson County, where in 1851 he founded an Episcopal church. He was elected county commissioner in 1850 and became county surveyor in 1852. He was a Democrat. Gayle raised cattle and sheep, but his primary interest seems to have been the breeding of thoroughbred horses. He married Frances A. Sutherland. Although a proponent of slavery, he anticipated the abolition of the institution and sold many of the family's slaves, remarking that he wished to teach his children how to work before they lost their slaves. He died in Jackson County on March 8, 1857.


Ira T. Taylor, The Cavalcade of Jackson County (San Antonio: Naylor, 1938). A Twentieth Century History of Southwest Texas (2 vols., Chicago: Lewis, 1907).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Stephen L. Hardin, "GAYLE, ALEXANDER T.," accessed July 19, 2019,

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Modified on November 23, 2015. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

Get this week's most popular Handbook of Texas articles delivered straight to your inbox