While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


Anthony S. Powers
Hiram M. Garwood
Hiram Morgan Garwood. Image available on the Internet and included in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.
Garwood's Headstone
Hiram Garwood's Headstone. Image available on the Internet and included in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.

GARWOOD, HIRAM MORGAN (1864–1930). Hiram Morgan Garwood, lawyer, judge, and legislator, was born in Bastrop, Texas, on January 11, 1864, the son of Calvin B. and Frances B. (Walker) Garwood. He studied at Excelsior College, graduated from the University of the South in 1883, and was admitted to the bar in November 1885. For the next fifteen years he practiced law in Bastrop and later at La Grange as a member of Brown, Lane, and Garwood. Garwood served in the Texas House of Representatives from 1886 to 1888 and was a member of the state Democratic executive committee in 1888. From 1888 to 1890 he served as county judge for Bastrop County. He was a member of the Texas Senate from 1890 to 1892. He moved to Houston in 1902 and after 1904 became a partner in the law firm of Baker, Botts, Parker, and Garwood (later Baker and Botts, where he served as an expert on railroad rates and corporate law. He served two years on the board of regents of the University of Texas and one term (1906) as president of the Texas Bar Association. In 1922 the University of the South awarded him an honorary doctor of civil law degree. He was a director of the Texas and New Orleans Railroad Company, vice president of the Second National Bank of Houston, and general attorney for the Southern Pacific Lines in Texas. He was a member of the American Institute of Law and a Mason. Garwood married Hettie Page on August 9, 1890, and they had three children. Hettie Garwood died in 1917, and in March 1921 Garwood married Huberta Nunn. He died on May 15, 1930, in Houston.


John Henry Brown, Indian Wars and Pioneers of Texas (Austin: Daniell, 1880; reprod., Easley, South Carolina: Southern Historical Press, 1978). Marcellus E. Foster and Alfred Jones, eds., South and Southeast Texas (n.p.: Jas. O. Jones, 1928). Houston Post-Dispatch, May 16, 1930. Vertical Files, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin. Clarence R. Wharton, ed., Texas under Many Flags (5 vols., Chicago: American Historical Society, 1930).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Anthony S. Powers, "GARWOOD, HIRAM MORGAN," accessed July 13, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fga36.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Modified on February 20, 2017. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...