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W. St. John Garwood
Law Firm Letterhead
Baker, Botts, Parker and Garwood Law Firm Letterhead. Courtesy of the University of Texas at Austin. Image available on the Internet and included in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.

GARWOOD, CALVIN BAXTER (1894–1960). Calvin Baxter Garwood, lawyer and Texas National Guard officer, son of Hettie (Page) and Hiram Morgan Garwood, was born at Bastrop, Texas, on March 26, 1894. His parents moved to Houston about 1900, and he received his early education there at Sacred Heart School and St. Thomas College, before graduating from Georgetown Preparatory School, Washington, D.C., in 1911. He received an A.B. from Georgetown University in 1915 and, after military service, an LL.B from the University of Texas in 1920. After school he became a partner in the law firm Barker, Botts, Parker, and Garwood. He joined Sewell, Taylor, Morris, and Garwood in 1931, served as a substitute special judge of the Fifty-fifth District Court, and in 1935 was president of the Houston Bar Association.

The insignia of the Thirty-Sixth Infantry Division
The insignia of the Thirty-Sixth Infantry Division. Image available on the Internet and included in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.
Garwood's Headstone
Calvin Garwood's Headstone. Image available on the Internet and included in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.

In May 1916 Garwood enlisted in the Second Infantry Regiment of the Texas National Guard, which was called into active federal service on the Mexican border, and was commissioned a second lieutenant in the Thirty-sixth Infantry Division after a year of duty. He remained a national guard officer almost continuously until his retirement as brevet brigadier general at the end of 1946. His assignments during these thirty years included active service in the two world wars, commander of the school of military government at Yale University, and state service in the martial-law episodes at Galveston and in the East Texas oilfield. His part in the Meuse-Argonne (Champagne) offensive (1918) earned him the French Croix de Guerre with Gilt Star. His World War II decorations included Officer of the Order of the British Empire and the United States Army Commendation Medal for his part in the military-government training program.

After the war Garwood returned to Houston and with his son started Garwood and Garwood in 1953. Garwood was an Episcopalian. He was a director of the Second National Bank in Houston and a member of the American Bar Association, the State Bar of Texas, the military affairs committee of the chamber of commerce, and the American Legion. In 1921 he married Christie Moore; they had two children. Following the death of his first wife in 1957, Garwood married Daisy Reisner Long. He died on May 14, 1960, and was buried in Forest Park Cemetery, Houston.


Houston Post, May 15, 1960.

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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, W. St. John Garwood, "GARWOOD, CALVIN BAXTER," accessed August 21, 2019,

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Modified on February 20, 2017. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

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