While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


Lota M. Spell

Adolph Fuchs
Lutheran Minister Adolph Fuchs, 1894. Immigrant Fuchs made many contributions to music education and the German music heritage in Texas. Courtesy of Frieda Fuchs, UTSA Libraries Special Collections, No. 68-695.

FUCHS, ADOLF (1805–1885). Adolf (or Adolph) Fuchs, a Lutheran minister, musician, teacher, and pioneer German settler, was born at Güstrow, Mecklenburg, Germany, on September 19, 1805, to Adolf Friedrich Fuchs and Dorothea Margarete (Schroder) Fuchs. He was educated at Jena, Halle, and Göttingen. He married Louise Johanna Rumker on July 10, 1829, and they had a total of nine children, though one died as a child. After serving as pastor in Kölzow, Mecklenburg, from 1835 to 1845, he immigrated, with his wife and seven children, to Texas. In honor of his departure A. H. Hoffman von Fallersleben wrote a farewell song, "Der Stern von Texas" ("The Texas Star"). Fuchs settled at Cat Spring, where copies of Hoffman’s Texanische Lieder (Texas Songs) arrived. The book, partly inspired by the pastor, bore the false imprint "San Felipe de Austin Bei Adolf Fuchs & Co."

Finding himself unprepared to cope with pioneer conditions, Fuchs became a music teacher at Baylor Female College in Independence. He was given credit for founding the first state-supported public school in Texas. In December 1853 the family located on the Lüder grant near Marble Falls, Burnet County. In spite of hardships, Fuchs’s love of freedom made him enjoy frontier life. A good singer and great lover of music, he wrote settings to many outstanding German poems and both the text and music of other songs; at his home he and his family and friends frequently gathered for sing-songs around his piano, one of the first west of the Colorado. Fuchs died at the Goeth Ranch near Cypress Mill in Blanco County on December 9, 1885, and was buried in the Fuchs Cemetery in Burnet County.


Rudolph L. Biesele, The History of the German Settlements in Texas, 1831–1861 (Austin: Von Boeckmann-Jones, 1930; rpt. 1964). “Carl Friedrich ‘Adolf’ Fuchs,” Find A Grave Memorial (http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=22953525), accessed October 16, 2015. Adolf Fuchs Family Papers, 1845–1846, 1882–1885, 1906–1942, 1969, Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin. Ottilie Fuchs Goeth, Was Grossmutter erzählt (San Antonio: Passing Show Printing, 1915; trans. Irma Goeth Guenther as Memoirs of a Texas Pioneer Grandmother, Austin, 1969; rpt., Burnet, Texas: Eakin Press, 1982). Vertical Files, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin.

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Lota M. Spell, "FUCHS, ADOLF," accessed June 04, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/ffu01.

Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Modified on October 16, 2015. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...