While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


Thomas W. Cutrer

FORNEY, JOHN HORACE (1829–1902). John Horace Forney, Confederate general, was born at Lincolnton, North Carolina, on August 12, 1829, and was appointed to the United States Military Academy at West Point from Alabama on July 1, 1848. He graduated twenty-second in his class on July 1, 1852, and was posted to the Seventh United States Infantry as a brevet second lieutenant. He was promoted to second lieutenant on October 24, 1853, and transferred to the Tenth Infantry on March 3, 1855. He was promoted to first lieutenant on August 25, 1855, but, with the secession of the states of the lower South, he resigned his commission on January 23, 1861. He entered Confederate service as colonel of the Tenth Alabama Infantry and saw action at First Manassas. He was wounded at Dranesville, Virginia, in December 1861, and was promoted to brigadier general on March 10, 1862, and to major general on October 27-a rise in rank that probably outran his abilities. After brief service as commander of the departments of Alabama and Florida he was given a division of Lt. Gen. John C. Pemberton's army defending Vicksburg and was captured there when the city fell in July 1863. After being exchanged Forney was sent to the trans-Mississippi, where he superseded John George Walker as commander of the Texas Division. At the end of the war he returned to Alabama, where he was a farmer and civil engineer until his death, at Jacksonville on September 13, 1902.

Ezra J. Warner, Generals in Gray (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1959). Francis B. Heitman, Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1903; rpt., Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1965).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Thomas W. Cutrer, "FORNEY, JOHN HORACE," accessed July 05, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/ffr38.

Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...