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FORTIER, HONORÉ (1764–1826). Francis Honoré (Honorato) Fortier, merchant, Spanish viceregal emissary, and soldier, was born in New Orleans in 1764, the son of Michel and Perrine (Langlois) Fortier. He was engaged in the mercantile business with his brother, Jacques, and made several voyages from Louisiana to Europe in ships carrying tobacco and other colonial products. In 1801 he went to Mexico and asked permission of the viceroy to carry a portion of Louisiana's subsidy overland through the Provincias Internas to New Orleans because of the insecurity of maritime travel. He was accompanied on the trip by Honorato Celestino de St. Maxent. The travelers journeyed from Veracruz to Mexico City by way of Puebla on April 15, 1801, and on June 10 they left Mexico City for the frontier. By June 19 they were in San Luis Potosí, where they rested until August 4. They reached Reynosa on September 8 and ascended the Rio Grande toward Camargo because of the swollen river. They swam their 700 mules and 215 horses over the river. A stampede on September 26 delayed the travelers until October 1. On October 7 they were forced to ford the Nueces River, and they continued toward the settlement at La Bahía and then toward San Antonio and Natchitoches. They described crossing the Guadalupe, Colorado, Trinity, and Sabine rivers, and by November 28 they had reached the Red River in Louisiana. They descended that river through the Spanish posts of Avoyelles and Pointe Coupée and arrived at New Orleans on the evening of December 5, having traveled 922 leagues in seventy-seven days of actual travel. Fortier fought with the Fourth Regiment of the First Division of Louisiana militia as a corporal during the War of 1812. He was married to Marie Asunción Brulé, a native of New Orleans, and they had two children. Fortier died in 1826.

Stanley Faye, "Privateersmen of the Gulf and Their Prizes," Louisiana Historical Quarterly 22 (October 1939). Jack D. L. Holmes, "De México a Nueva Orleans en 1801: el diario inédito de Fortier y St. Maxent," Historia Mexicana 16 (Julio-Septiembre 1966).
Jack D. L. Holmes

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Handbook of Texas Online, Jack D. L. Holmes, "Fortier, Honore," accessed November 21, 2017,

Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.