While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


Jackie Roberts

FITZGERALD, OTIS E. (1900–1953). Otis E. (O. E.) Fitzgerald, veteran, politician, deacon, and business and civic leader, was born on June 3, 1900, in La Vernia, Texas, to Charlie Fitzgerald and Louise (Manson) Fitzgerald. Fitzgerald moved to San Antonio when he was young and graduated from Riverside High School. After graduation, he served in World War I. In 1919, through Fitzgerald’s involvement with the Legionnaires, he became a world traveler, completing nine world tours. Local news reports stated that Fitzgerald visited Paris, France; Gibraltar; Cairo and Port Said; Egypt; Spain; Hamburg, Germany; China; and Japan.

Fitzgerald married Franklena Bumbrey on December 29, 1923. She was a teacher and taught in the San Antonio school system for many years. The couple had one daughter, Constance.

Fitzgerald was involved in many different businesses. In San Antonio he owned and operated Fitzgerald Auto Service for twenty-seven years and was the owner of a Texaco gas station located on Pine and Fredonia streets. He also ran a real estate business. Fitzgerald served as two-term president of the local branch of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). He was also a truant officer and helped persuade children to stay in school.

As a veteran, Fitzgerald spent the majority of his life actively serving in Fred Brock Post No. 828 of the American Legion. He was honored as “No. 1 Negro Legionnaire of Texas” in 1948. In 1950 the San Antonio Register reported that Fitzgerald set the state record for most members recruited, 187 in total, which gained him entry into the organization’s One Hundred Member Club. Through his work with the American Legion, he traveled to state and national conventions in Dallas and New York City. He served various positions in the American Legion, such as chairman of the public relations committee and later service officer at the time of his death.

A tireless volunteer, Fitzgerald served as commander of Camp No. 5 of the American Woodmen for fourteen years. Under his leadership, this organization increased in membership and financial strength. He served as a board member of the Alamo City Branch Young Men’s Christian Association (YMCA) and the Ella Austin orphanage. He was president of the Council of Parents and Friends of Mentally Retarded Children and served as chairman of the Sycamore Street United Service Organizations (USO). He was also a charter member of the San Antonio Negro Chamber of Commerce. He served as an active member and deacon of the Second Baptist Church in San Antonio.

In 1951 Fitzgerald was the first African-American candidate to run for the San Antonio city council. Although he was defeated in the election, he received 4,000 votes. His political affiliation was independent, but he had the support of the Citizens Committee for a Democratic council. It was the opinion of this council that an African American would be the best representative of the east side of the city and that Fitzgerald was an ideal candidate. Fitzgerald continued his bid for election in the city council race in 1953 but did not receive enough votes to make the runoff election between Ralph V. Easley and Mike A. Cassidy, the incumbent.

Fitzgerald died of a sudden heart attack at his home at 1013 South Pine Street in San Antonio while discussing business with a local contractor on May 7, 1953. He was buried at United Brothers of Friendship Cemetery in San Antonio.


Yvonne M. Armstrong, Black Trailblazers of San Antonio Texas: Their Businesses, Communities, Institutions, and Organizations (San Antonio: Inkibiyvonne Publishing, 2006). San Antonio Register, July 2, 1943; October 18, 1946; September 8, 1950; October 26, 1951; August 8, 1952; March 13, 1953; April 10, 1953; May 8, 15, 1953.

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Jackie Roberts , "FITZGERALD, OTIS E. ," accessed May 24, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/ffi61.

Uploaded on January 25, 2013. Modified on May 21, 2013. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...