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Stephen Fox
Joseph Finger
Photograph, Portrait of Joseph Finger. Image available on the Internet and included in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.
Texas State Hotel
Photograph, The Texas State Hotel, designed by Joseph Finger, in downtown Houston. Image available on the Internet and included in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.

FINGER, JOSEPH (1887–1953). Joseph Finger, architect, was born on March 7, 1887, in Austria, the son of Hani (Steifter) and Henri Finger. Finger received his primary, secondary, and technical education in Bielitz. Immigrating to the United States in 1903, Finger settled initially in New Orleans. He moved to Houston in 1908, where he worked in the branch office of the Dallas architect C. D. Hill and Company. In 1912 Finger became the junior partner of Houston architect Lewis Sterling Green. Between 1914 and 1919 he was in partnership with James Ruskin Bailey and from 1920 to 1923 with Lamar Q. Cato. From 1923 to 1944 Finger practiced under his own name. From 1944 until his death he was in partnership with George W. Rustay. From the beginning of his first partnership, Finger was identified with the design of office, hotel, retail, and industrial buildings. He was responsible for the American National Insurance Company Building in Galveston (1913, demolished); the Ricou-Brewster Building in Shreveport, Louisiana (1924, with Seymour Van Os); the DeGeorge (1913), Plaza (1925), Ben Milam (1925), Auditorium (1926), and Texas State hotels in Houston (1929); the Vaughn Hotel, Port Arthur (1929); the Charlton Hotel, Lake Charles, Louisiana (1929); and the McCartney Hotel, Texarkana (1930). Finger designed retail stores for Everitt-Buelow (1926, altered), Levy's (1930, altered), and Battelstein's (1923, 1936, 1950) in Houston, and numerous auto showrooms in Houston during the 1920s. He was architect of the Model Laundry, Galveston (ca. 1913); and the Cheek-Neal Coffee Company (1917), Texas Packing Company (1924), H. M. Tennison Manufacturing Company (1925), and Truscon Steel Company (1941) buildings in Houston.

Houston City Hall
Photograph, Houston City Hall, designed by Joseph Finger. Image available on the Internet and included in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.
Weingarten's Grocery Store
Photograph, Weingarten's Grocery Store #14, which Joseph Finger designed. Image available on the Internet and included in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.
Interior of James W. and Jessie West's mansion
Photograph, Interior of James W. and Jessie West's mansion, which Joseph Finger designed. Image available on the Internet and included in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.

As the city's foremost Jewish architect from the 1910s through the 1940s, Finger designed many Jewish institutional buildings, as well as buildings for individual Jewish clients. Among these were Congregation Beth Israel Temple (1925), Congregation Beth Israel Mausoleum (1935), and Congregation Beth Yeshurun Synagogue (1949), as well as the Concordia Club (1915, demolished) and the Wolff Memorial Home (1930, demolished). During the 1930s Finger was responsible for such major public buildings as the Montgomery County Courthouse, Conroe (1935, altered); Jefferson Davis Hospital (1937, with Alfred C. Finn); Houston City Hall (1939); and the Houston Municipal Airport Terminal and Hangar (1940). At the time of his death, Finger and Rustay's Harris County Courthouse (1953) was under construction in Houston. Finger was best known for his exuberant modernistic designs. These included the Art Deco-style Houston Turn-Verein (1929, demolished), the A. C. Burton Company auto showroom (1929, demolished), and the Barker Brothers Studio (1930). Finger's office produced the Clarke and Courts printing plant (1936) and the Carnation Company creamery (1946–47, demolished) in the streamlined modernistic style. Finger's public buildings of the 1930s and 1940s were also designed in the modernistic style. Among the prominent clients for whom Finger designed multiple buildings, for both personal and business use, were the industrialist Henry M. Tennison, the confectioner W. H. Irvin, the merchant Philip Battelstein and his sons, the grocer Joseph Weingarten and his brothers, and the oil operator James M. West and his sons and business associates.

Death certificate of Joseph Finger
Death certificate of Joseph Finger. Image available on the Internet and included in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.

Finger married Gertrude Levy of Houston on June 18, 1913. They were the parents of one son, Joseph Seifter Finger, a landscape architect and golf course designer. Finger was a member of the American Institute of Architects. He was also a member of Congregation Beth Israel, the Independent Order of B'nai Brith, the Houston Turn-Verein, the Westwood Country Club, Chamber of Commerce, and the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. Joseph Finger died on February 6, 1953, in Houston. He is buried in Beth Israel Mausoleum in Beth Israel Cemetery, Houston.


Emory A. Bailey, Who's Who in Texas (Dallas: John B. McCraw Press, 1931). Ellis A. Davis and Edwin H. Grobe, comps., The New Encyclopedia of Texas (2 vols., 1925?; 4 vols., 1929?). Houston Post, February 7, 1953. Natalie Ornish, Pioneer Jewish Texans (Dallas: Texas Heritage, 1989). Yolita Schmidt, The Moderne Style in Architecture: A Houston Guide ( Houston Public Library, 1978).

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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Stephen Fox, "FINGER, JOSEPH," accessed July 05, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/ffi37.

Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Modified on April 13, 2018. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
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