While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


Thomas W. Cutrer

FITZHUGH, JOHN T. P. (1815–?). John T. P. Fitzhugh, physician and soldier at San Jacinto, was born in Prince William County, Virginia, in 1815 and immigrated to Texas in 1835. At Nacogdoches on January 14, 1836, he enrolled for six months as a private in the Volunteer Auxiliary Corps. Later he served as assistant surgeon under William Francis H. Davidson on the staff of Col. Edward Burleson, commander of the First Regiment, Texas Volunteers. At the battle of San Jacinto, having received no orders, Fitzhugh and the other medical officers advanced with the Texas troops, ready to treat the wounded or take part in the fighting as need be. Fitzhugh entered the fight at the center of the Mexican line.

His brother Wesley was a private in Capt. Gustavus A. Parker's company of Georgia volunteers and later a "surgeon dentist" in Brig. Gen. Thomas J. Green's Second Brigade of the Army of the Republic of Texas. Wesley Fitzhugh died on September 11, 1836. After leaving the army John Fitzhugh practiced medicine in Bastrop County for five years. He was in Bastrop as late as January 22, 1840, when he made application to become administrator of his brother's estate; both he and his brother had received bounty donations in Van Zandt County. By 1858 he had returned to Prince Edward County, Virginia, and the following year was living in Canton, Mississippi. He was still living there in 1874, when he became a member of the Texas Veterans Association, but by October 1877 he had moved to Warren County, Mississippi.

Daughters of the Republic of Texas, Muster Rolls of the Texas Revolution (Austin, 1986). Sam Houston Dixon and Louis Wiltz Kemp, The Heroes of San Jacinto (Houston: Anson Jones, 1932). Thomas L. Miller, Bounty and Donation Land Grants of Texas, 1835–1888 (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1967). Pat Ireland Nixon, The Medical Story of Early Texas, 1528–1853 (Lancaster, Pennsylvania: Lupe Memorial Fund, 1946). Telegraph and Texas Register, September 28, 1836.

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Thomas W. Cutrer, "FITZHUGH, JOHN T. P.," accessed May 29, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/ffi29.

Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...