While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


Richard D. English

ENGLISH, JOSHUA (ca. 1807–1873). Joshua English, early Texas Ranger and soldier, was born about 1807 in Tennessee, the son of Elizabeth (Denton) and James English. He followed older brothers to Texas in the 1820s and settled in Tenehaw Municipality. Although a farmer most of his life, he fought in several military campaigns. He served from July 1835 to November 1835 in Capt. John English's company and Col. Stephen F. Austin's regiment, and was in the battle of Nacogdoches and at San Antonio before the siege of Bexar with his brother John. Joshua English fought in the Cherokee War in 1837. He enlisted in one of the earliest companies of the Texas Rangers during the Republic of Texas and was part of the unit guarding the crossings of the Sabine River, the United States boundary. He also served with Capt. Alfred M. Truitt under Col. John C. Hays in the Mexican War. He married Candace Todd of Shelbyville, Texas, and they had ten children. He subsequently married Martha Ann Stephens, with whom he had three children. English died in Houston County on November 28, 1873. His grave was marked with a Texas Centennial marker in 1936.


Houston County Historical Commission, History of Houston County, Texas, 1687–1979 (Tulsa, Oklahoma: Heritage, 1979). Gifford E. White, Character Certificates in the General Land Office of Texas (1985). Gifford E. White, 1830 Citizens of Texas (Austin: Eakin, 1983).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Richard D. English, "ENGLISH, JOSHUA," accessed June 02, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fen09.

Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Modified on May 15, 2017. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...