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DUTY, JOSEPH (1801–1855). Joseph Duty was born in Tennessee on March 6, 1801. As one of Stephen F. Austin's Old Three Hundred settlers, he received title to a league of land on the east bank of the Colorado River near the northwest boundary of what is now Colorado County on July 19, 1824. The census of the Colorado District in 1825 classified him as a tanner, and the March 1826 census indicated that he was a single man, a farmer, and a stock raiser. In April 1829 he petitioned for land on the Colorado River between Winslow Turner's place and the Old San Antonio Road. Duty was granted a labor of land in Bastrop County and eventually settled with his wife, Louisa, his brother, George Duty, and three other brothers at Webberville, Travis County. He was a Travis County delegate to the Democratic state convention in October 1851. He recommended the establishment of Sevier Academy in July 1853. Duty died on September 11, 1855, and was buried in the Old Manor Cemetery at Webberville.


Austin Texas State Gazette, August 27, 1853. Eugene C. Barker, ed., The Austin Papers (3 vols., Washington: GPO, 1924–28). Lester G. Bugbee, "The Old Three Hundred: A List of Settlers in Austin's First Colony," Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association 1 (October 1897). Worth Stickley Ray, Austin Colony Pioneers (Austin: Jenkins, 1949; 2d ed., Austin: Pemberton, 1970). Noah Smithwick, The Evolution of a State, or Recollections of Old Texas Days (Austin: Gammel, 1900; rpt., Austin: University of Texas Press, 1983). Austin Texas Sentinel, August 22, 1840, August 12, 1841.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

"DUTY, JOSEPH," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed March 26, 2015. Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.