DE GRAFFENRIED, REESE CALHOUN
DE GRAFFENRIED, REESE CALHOUN (1859–1902). Reese Calhoun (De, the Black Eagle of the Piney Woods) De Graffenried, lawyer and congressman, son of Gen. Matthew Fontaine and Martha (McLemore) De Graffenried, was born at Franklin, Tennessee, on May 7, 1859. He attended school in Franklin until the age of thirteen, when he matriculated at the University of Tennessee at Knoxville; he graduated at the age of nineteen. A year later he graduated from Cumberland Law School at Lebanon, Tennessee, and was admitted to the bar. For several years he practiced law in Franklin and Chattanooga, Tennessee, before moving to Texas sometime in late 1882. In 1882 and early 1883, after settling in Longview, he was temporarily employed by the Texas and Pacific Railway in various capacities, including assistant brakeman and fuel agent.
De Graffenried was elected county attorney of Gregg County in November 1882 but resigned after only two months to resume private law practice. On November 1, 1883, he married Annie Berry of Franklin, Tennessee. In 1888 he served as a Democratic elector in the general election. In 1890 he ran for the office of congressman for the Third District against C. B. "Buck" Kilgore and former governor Richard B. Hubbardqqv and was defeated. In 1896, however, he was elected congressman for the Fifty-fifth Congress from the Third Congressional District. Subsequently, he was reelected to the Fifty-sixth and Fifty-seventh congresses. A few months before his death he was defeated for the 1902 nomination for Congress by James Gordon Russell, who was subsequently elected his successor. De Graffenried died suddenly in Washington, D.C., on August 29, 1902. His funeral in Longview was attended by some 6,000 persons. He was buried with Masonic honors in Greenwood Cemetery.
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Suzanne Perry, "De Graffenried, Reese Calhoun," accessed October 01, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fde30.
Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.