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DAVIS, WILLIAM KINCHEN (1822–1891). William Kinchen Davis, early Texas settler and Perote prisoner, son of Kinchen W. and Fannie (Pleasants) Davis, was born in Morgan County, Alabama, on November 11, 1822. The family moved to Texas in 1830 as members of Stephen F. Austin's colony and settled in what is now Fort Bend County. One source described Davis's early education as "meager." He served in a campaign against the Indians on the Brazos River in 1839 and in 1842 was with the Somervell expedition. When the command dissolved on the Rio Grande, he accompanied the Mier Expedition and was severely wounded at Mier. He was marched with other prisoners to Salado, escaped, and was recaptured and marched back to Salado, where he drew a white bean (see BLACK BEAN EPISODE). He was sent to Mexico City and put to hard labor, then held in Perote Prison until September 16, 1844, when he was given one dollar with which to make the trip back to Texas. In 1845 Davis married Jane Pickens. Five children were born to them. His first wife died in 1860, and he married Mrs. Jane Green of Richmond on March 5, 1865. He commanded a company for about six months during the Civil War. Davis was a Methodist and a member of the International Order of Odd Fellows. He died on August 2, 1891, and was buried in Morton Cemetery in Richmond.

John Henry Brown, Indian Wars and Pioneers of Texas (Austin: Daniell, 1880; reprod., Easley, South Carolina: Southern Historical Press, 1978). Hugh Nugent Fitzgerald, ed., Texans and Their State: A Newspaper Reference Work (2 vols., Houston: Texas Biographical Association, 1918). Thomas J. Green, Journal of the Texian Expedition Against Mier (New York: Harper, 1845; rpt., Austin: Steck, 1935). Andrew Jackson Sowell, History of Fort Bend County (Houston: Coyle, 1904; rpt, Richmond, Texas: Fort Bend County Historical Museum, 1974). Clarence Wharton, Wharton's History of Fort Bend County (San Antonio: Naylor, 1939).

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Handbook of Texas Online, "Davis, William Kinchen," accessed December 14, 2017,

Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.