While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


Cynthia E. Orozco

CRUZ, PABLO (1866–ca. 1910). Pablo Cruz, publisher, was born in Monclova, Coahuila, in 1866 to Cruz Valdez and Viviana Cárdenas de Cruz. In 1877 he moved with his family to Floresville, Texas, where they lived for five years. He married Zulema Palanco, and they had seven children. His son Paul helped initiate the Order of Sons of America, a Mexican-American civil-rights organization, in San Antonio. In 1888 Cruz began publishing and editing El Regidor, a weekly Spanish-language newspaper. It was one of a few Spanish-language newspapers in San Antonio in the late nineteenth century. During the Spanish-American War El Regidor sided with the United States over Cuba. Cruz was also involved in printing and publishing books. He was recognized as a supporter and promoter of education, public welfare, and civic causes.

In 1901 Cruz used El Regidor to inform readers about the Gregorio Cortez case and collect defense funds. His efforts reached Mexico, and a ballad sung there referred to Cruz as a "prominent brother" and an "upright Mexican" for aiding Cortez. Cruz coordinated fund-raising efforts and hired lawyers, Judge B. R. Abernethy of Gonzales and Samuel Belden of San Antonio, for defense. The first trial resulted in a death penalty, but the lawyers appealed, and the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals reversed the decision. According to one source, the appeal addressed the issues of illegal arrest and arrest without a warrant, and the court ordered a change of venue because of local knowledge of the case. Cruz also employed attorneys for trials of Cortez in Wharton, Karnes, and Nueces counties. When Cruz died around 1910, Col. Francisco A. Chapa, publisher of El Imparcial, continued the movement to defend Cortez. The family continued El Regidor until 1916.


Américo Paredes, With His Pistol in His Hand: A Border Ballad and Its Hero (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1958). A Twentieth Century History of Southwest Texas (2 vols., Chicago: Lewis, 1907).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Cynthia E. Orozco, "CRUZ, PABLO," accessed July 11, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fcr65.

Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Modified on October 2, 2019. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...