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CRUGER, JAMES F. (?–1874). James F. Cruger, merchant and publisher, the brother of Jacob W. Cruger, accompanied his brother and Francis Moore, Jr., to Texas in 1836 from Danville, New York. After settling in Houston, they first engaged in the mercantile business, but James Cruger was soon alone when his brother and Moore entered newspaper work and purchased an interest in the Telegraph and Texas Register. Though Cruger remained in the store, he later spent much of his time assisting his brother in his newspaper enterprises. In 1841 his name was substituted for that of his brother as publisher of the Houston Morning Star, and at this time the Star changed from a daily to a triweekly edition. Cruger died in Houston in 1874.


Joe B. Frantz, Newspapers of the Republic of Texas (M.A. thesis, University of Texas, 1940). Mary Glasscock Frazier, Texas Newspapers during the Republic (March 2, 1836-February 19, 1846) (M. Journ. thesis, University of Texas, 1931). Douglas C. McMurtrie, "Pioneer Printing in Texas," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 35 (January 1932). Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Texas Collection, April 1944.

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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, "CRUGER, JAMES F.," accessed August 23, 2019,

Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Modified on August 24, 2016. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

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