CROWELL, CAROLINE (1893–1972). Caroline Crowell, physician for the University of Texas in Austin, the daughter of William James and Frances (Eakins) Crowell, was born on May 17, 1893, in Avondale, Pennsylvania. She received a B.A. degree in 1916 from Bryn Mawr and a B.S. degree in industrial chemistry in 1918 from Pennsylvania State College. During World War I she worked as a chemist in a munitions factory; after the war she worked as an industrial chemist with the Corning Glass Works in New York before attending the University of Pennsylvania Medical School, where she received her M.D. in 1925. After serving her internship at Woman's Hospital, Philadelphia, she moved to Austin, Texas, where she was a staff physician at the University of Texas Student Health Center from 1926 until her retirement in 1965. At the time of her move to Texas she was one of only two doctors on the university campus and the only woman physician in Austin. From 1929 to 1932 she volunteered her services as night resident physician at Brackenridge Hospital. Dr. Crowell was the niece of the noted nineteenth-century artist Thomas Eakins; she donated to the university's art museum two of her uncle's works, At the Piano and A Portrait of a Lady. She died on August 28, 1972, in Austin and was buried in Austin Memorial Park. She was survived by brothers, nieces, and nephews.

Vertical Files, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin.

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, "CROWELL, CAROLINE," accessed August 25, 2019,

Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

Get this week's most popular Handbook of Texas articles delivered straight to your inbox