Since its original printing in 1952, the publication of the Handbook of Texas has been made possible through the support of its users. As an independent nonprofit, TSHA relies on your contributions to close the funding gap for the online Handbook and keep it a freely accessible resource for users worldwide. Please make a donation today to preserve the most comprehensive encyclopedic resource on Texas history. Donate Today »

CRAWFORD, ROBERT

Thomas W. Cutrer

CRAWFORD, ROBERT (1815–1888). Robert Crawford, Methodist minister and soldier, was born in the Abbeville District of South Carolina on May 15, 1815, and moved with his family to Tennessee as a boy. He became a Methodist on September 22, 1834, and moved to Texas in 1835. At Nacogdoches on January 14, 1836, he enlisted for six months in the Volunteer Auxiliary Corps. At the battle of San Jacinto he served as a private in Capt. Robert James Calder's Company K of Col. Edward Burleson's First Regiment, Texas Volunteers.

Crawford is said to have assisted in the construction of the first Methodist church west of the Mississippi River, that at Washington-on-the-Brazos, during the winter of 1837–38, and was licensed to "exhort" on March 18, 1838. He was a pallbearer for Martin Ruter. He was licensed to preach on September 14, 1839. In 1840 he was living in Fayette County and owned four town lots in Rutersville, one slave, and a metal clock. On November 5 he became a charter trustee of Rutersville College. On December 25 of that year he was present at the organizational meeting of the Texas Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church, where he was assigned to the pulpit at Nashville-on-the-Brazos.

Lewis W. Kemp and Sam Houston Dixon,qqv in Heroes of San Jacinto, wrongly identify Crawford as the Robert M. Crawford who served as a private in Capt. William S. Fisher's company on the Mier expedition. This Crawford escaped from captivity in Mexico City while doing forced labor on the Tacubaya road. But at the time of the battle of Mier, Rev. Robert Crawford was attending the Methodist convention of December 22–27, 1842, which transferred him to the Methodist mission at Victoria.

In 1850 Crawford was living in Fannin County. He is said to have graduated "late in life" from medical school in Galveston. In 1874 he retired from the pulpit of the Northwest Texas Conference of the Methodist Church. He died on December 5, 1888, in the Robertson County community of Franklin and was survived by his wife and four children. He was a member of the Texas Veterans Association.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: 
Dallas Morning News, December 6, 1888. Daughters of the Republic of Texas, Muster Rolls of the Texas Revolution (Austin, 1986). Sam Houston Dixon and Louis Wiltz Kemp, The Heroes of San Jacinto (Houston: Anson Jones, 1932). Thomas J. Green, Journal of the Texian Expedition Against Mier (New York: Harper, 1845; rpt., Austin: Steck, 1935). Texas Christian Advocate, December 13, 1888.

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.

Citation

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Thomas W. Cutrer, "CRAWFORD, ROBERT," accessed October 14, 2019, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fcr11.

Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...