Carolyn Hyman
Richard Montgomery Collins
Richard Montgomery Collins. Image available on the Internet and included in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.
Map of the American Colony in Mexico (1865)
Map of the American Colony in Mexico (1865). Image available on the Internet and included in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.

COLLINS, RICHARD MONTGOMERY (1815–1875). Richard Montgomery Collins, Brazoria County legislator, county official, physician, and planter, was born in New York in 1815.  He married Rebecca Ann Spann on January 2, 1839, in Hinds County, Mississippi, and the couple had six children. The couple relocated to Texas in 1840. He received an unconditional certificate for land in Brazoria County on June 4, 1844. He represented that county in the Eighth Congress (1843–44) and was on a committee in 1845 to draft a resolution to the Senate expressing Brazoria County's aversion to certain diplomatic appointees. In August 1851 Collins was elected justice of the peace of precinct four in Brazoria, and he was elected county commissioner in August 1856. According to one source, Collins was a doctor who owned a plantation on Oyster Creek. In 1860 he was among the wealthiest citizens in the county, with real property valued at $44,070, personal property estimated at $85,324, and seventy-seven slaves. Collins enlisted in Company C of the Brazoria County Minute Men in Columbia on January 5, 1863. He served until removed by military commander Gen. J. J. Reynolds on April 25, 1869. The 1870 census listed him as a stock raiser and farmer. Confederate veteran Ferrell Vincent, Collins, and others moved their families to Tuxpan, Vera Cruz, after the Civil War, formed the Tuxpan Land Company, and bought a half million acres in the area. Collins is believed to have died of pnuemonia in Vera Cruz, Mexico, on October 9, 1875, and his family did not return to Texas until the 1940s. The Tuxpan land was eventually confiscated by the Mexican government, and the colony came to an end.


Abner J. Strobel, The Old Plantations and Their Owners of Brazoria County (Houston, 1926; rev. ed., Houston: Bowman and Ross, 1930; rpt., Austin: Shelby, 1980). Telegraph and Texas Register, January 8, 1845. Texas House of Representatives, Biographical Directory of the Texan Conventions and Congresses, 1832–1845 (Austin: Book Exchange, 1941). Ralph A. Wooster, "Wealthy Texans, 1860," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 71 (October 1967).

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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Carolyn Hyman, "COLLINS, RICHARD MONTGOMERY," accessed February 23, 2020,

Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Modified on April 9, 2018. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
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