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James L. Hailey
Spanish Land Deed of Philip Haddox Coe (1838)
Spanish Land Deed of Philip Haddox Coe (1838). Courtesy of the Texas General Land Office. Image available on the Internet and included in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.
Land Donation to Philip H. Coe (1838)
Land Donation to Philip H. Coe (1838). Courtesy of the Texas General Land Office. Image available on the Internet and included in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.
Grave of Philip Haddox Coe
Grave of Philip Haddox Coe. Image available on the Internet and included in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.

COE, PHILIP HADDOX (1800–1852). Philip Haddox (Hattox) Coe, adventurer and soldier, was born in Georgia on January 10, 1800. It was rumored that Philip Haddox added his mother’s maiden name Coe and fled Georgia, following the murder of Jethro Jackson in Upson County on February 16, 1829. Coe and his three daughters passed through Alabama and settled at “Tiger’s Point” on the Brazos River in Washington County, where he married Elizabeth Ann Parker. He homesteaded 4,446 acres under Mexican and Spanish titles dated April 3,1831, and settled in what is now Washington County. In 1834 he led a campaign against Indians from Fort Tenoxtitlán in Robertson's colony. In July 1835 he led one of four small companies that marched east to Fort Parker to relieve Capt. Robert M. Coleman. From there his company marched to Tehuacana Springs in what is now Limestone County in pursuit of a band of Tawakoni Indians that fled before his troops arrived. His company then spent several weeks in the field exhibiting a show of strength for the benefit of the Indians. Coe became a member of the General Council in 1835, represented Washington County in the Consultation, and was appointed a recruiter of volunteers for the Texas army. He assumed command of a ranger force under the direction of Col. John Henry Moore on July 9, 1835. He subsequently served as acting captain of the First Regiment of Volunteers from March 2 until April 10, 1836. He remained in the service of the Republic of Texas until June 2, 1836. During the battle of San Jacinto he was detailed to guard the baggage near Harrisburg. He received 640 acres of land about fifteen miles southwest of Gonzales as a result of his service. Coe supposedly built a church and school on all of his properties.  He farmed cotton and other agriculture on his properties across the state and engaged in stock raising with Sam Houston by importing purebred horses from Tennessee to Gonzales County. He also commanded a foray against an Indian raiding party at Tehuacana Springs in 1842, participated in an expedition against Rafael Vásquez, and served as a captain in the Somervell expedition in October 1842. He and his wife, Elizabeth, had six children, born in Washington County. He died on December 14, 1852, and was buried at Coe Valley Cemetery in Gonzales County.


Savannah Georgian, March 10, 1829, March 31, 1829. Worth Stickley Ray, Austin Colony Pioneers (Austin: Jenkins, 1949; 2d ed., Austin: Pemberton, 1970). Texas House of Representatives, Biographical Directory of the Texan Conventions and Congresses, 1832–1845 (Austin: Book Exchange, 1941). Vertical Files, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin.

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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, James L. Hailey, "COE, PHILIP HADDOX," accessed August 11, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fco11.

Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Modified on April 30, 2018. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
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