Brett J. Derbes

CLEVELAND, LARKIN GREEN (1817–1882). Larkin Green Cleveland, Confederate officer, was born in Giles County, Tennessee, to Carter Harrison Cleveland of Georgia and Mary (Smith) Cleveland of Alabama. He was married to Mary Maull of Alabama in Lowndes County, Alabama, on September 4, 1840. They relocated to Texas in the late 1850s where he worked as a successful farmer and merchant in Polk County. In 1858 Cleveland served as a commissioner of Polk County. His family included eight children: Leonidas, Theodora, James, Rosaline, Edward, and twins Bobby V. and Sambo. In 1860 he lived in Coldspring, where he owned twenty-eight slaves, and by 1864 he owned fifty slaves.

He enlisted in company D of the First Texas Infantry State Troop Regiment, Second Brigade, on August 7, 1863, in Liberty County, Texas, for six months of service. He was promoted to major on October 5, 1863. The unit was assigned to A. Smith's Brigade, Eastern Sub-District, District of Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona, Trans-Mississippi Department (December 1863–January 1864). The unit guarded federal prisoners in Hempstead and Tyler, Texas. The unit primarily protected the Texas coast and spent most of their time at Beaumont and Sabine Pass, utilized for artillery duty. No records have been found that show the unit participating in any engagements during the war. The unit was called into active service again in late 1864 and ended its career after being merged into Ashley Spaight's Eleventh Texas Infantry in January of 1865.

Cleveland returned to Polk County after the war where he worked as a farmer and later served as a judge in Coldspring, but by 1880 he relocated to Pine Flat, Dallas County, Alabama, following the death of his wife Mary. Larkin Cleveland died on April 26, 1882, in Dallas County, Alabama.


Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Texas, National Archives and Records Service, Washington. Jordan R. Dodd, comp., Early American Marriages: Alabama, 1800–1920 (Orem, Utah:, Inc., 1999). Joseph Henry Harrison Ellis, Sam Houston and Related Spiritual Forces (Houston: Concord Press, 1945). A Pictorial History of Polk County, Texas, 1846–1910 (Livingston, Texas: Polk County Bicentennial Commission, 1976; rev. ed. 1978). Stewart Sifakis, Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Texas (New York: Facts on File, 1995). Vertical File, Historical Research Center, Texas Heritage Museum, Hill College, Hillsboro (Histories of Texas Regiments in Which Polk Countians Served). Wayne L.Wilber, The Descendents of Jeremiah Bowlina: 1756–2000 (Knoxville: Tennessee Valley Publishing, 2000).

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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Brett J. Derbes, "CLEVELAND, LARKIN GREEN," accessed January 19, 2020,

Uploaded on March 28, 2011. Modified on July 10, 2017. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
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