While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


CLOPTON, ALBERT GALLATIN (1828–1916). Albert Gallatin Clopton, doctor, soldier, and politician, was born near Eaton, Georgia, in 1828, the son of Alfred and Sallie (Kendricks) Clopton. He served in the Mexican War, studied law for a year, then abandoned law for medicine and graduated from the University of Louisiana in 1851. He moved to Camden, Arkansas, but shortly thereafter traveled to Texas and served for a time in the force of Texas Rangers under Shapley P. Ross. Clopton subsequently went back to Camden to practice medicine but returned to Texas in 1854 and settled at Douglassville, where he married Annie Matilda Henderson; they adopted two children. Clopton remained at Douglassville for six years working as a doctor and a farmer before moving to Jefferson just before the Civil War. In 1860 he owned a 245-acre farm and six slaves and raised twenty-two bales of cotton. He was a member of the Secession Convention in 1861. He served as captain of Company D, First Texas Infantry, Hood's Texas Brigade, and acted as major of the regiment at the battle of Eltham's Landing in 1862. Soon afterward he transferred to the medical department. Clopton returned to Jefferson after the war. In April 1874 he was elected president of the Texas State Medical Association (see TEXAS MEDICAL ASSOCIATION). He was the first professor of physiology in the Medical Branch of the University of Texas at Galveston. He was a Methodist and was active in Confederate veterans' affairs. He died at Texarkana on June 21, 1916; his wife died the following day. Their double funeral was conducted at Jefferson, and Clopton is buried in Oakwood Cemetery, Jefferson.


Biographical Souvenir of the State of Texas (Chicago: Battey, 1889; rpt., Easley, South Carolina: Southern Historical Press, 1978). Lucille Blackburn Bullard, Marion County, Texas, 1860–1870 (Jefferson, Texas, 1965). Jefferson Jimplecute, June 22, 1916. George Plunkett [Mrs. S. C.] Red, The Medicine Man in Texas (Houston, 1930). William S. Speer and John H. Brown, eds., Encyclopedia of the New West (Marshall, Texas: United States Biographical Publishing, 1881; rpt., Easley, South Carolina: Southern Historical Press, 1978). Fred Tarpley, Jefferson: Riverport to the Southwest (Austin: Eakin Press, 1983). George T. Todd, Sketch of the History of the First Texas Regiment, Hood's Brigade (1909?; rpt., as First Texas Regiment, Waco: Texian Press, 1963). E. W. Winkler, ed., Journal of the Secession Convention of Texas (Austin, 1912). Ralph A. Wooster, "An Analysis of the Membership of the Texas Secession Convention," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 62 (January 1959).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, "CLOPTON, ALBERT GALLATIN," accessed July 14, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fcl32.

Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Modified on April 3, 2011. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...