While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


Diana Church
Clyde G. Chandler
Clyde G. Chandler in the El Paso Herald, July 19, 1912. Image available on the Internet and included in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.

CHANDLER, CLYDE GILTNER (1879–1961). Clyde Giltner Chandler, sculptor, was born in June 1879 in Evansville, Indiana, the daughter of William W. and Flora A. Giltner Chandler. The family moved to Dallas, Texas, in 1883. Clyde studied with Robert J. Onderdonk in Dallas and San Antonio and became the protégé of the Austin sculptor Elisabet Ney. From 1896 to 1898 she studied at the Massachusetts Normal Art School in Boston. Beginning in 1898 she taught "modeling and freehand drawing" at St. Mary's College in Dallas; from 1900 to 1902 she taught studio classes with Vivian Aunspaugh.

In September 1903, with a scholarship from the Dallas Art Association, Clyde Chandler moved to Chicago, where she studied for two years with Lorado Taft at the Art Institute. When he went to Florence, Italy, she accompanied him as his assistant. In 1906 she returned to Chicago, where she completed sculpture commissions for Bay City, Michigan, and South Bend, Indiana. In 1907 she received a second-place award at the Chicago Artists' Exposition, Art Institute of Chicago; she also exhibited at the Art Institute in 1908 and 1909. Between 1907 and 1912 she apparently maintained two residences, in Chicago and in Dallas, where she earned her living in a variety of temporary jobs-dressmaking, retail clothing sales, office clerk.

Dedication of Statue
Image of the dedication of "The Gulf Cloud" to Sydney Smith at the Dallas State Fair. Image available on the Internet and included in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.  

In 1912 the State Fair of Texas contracted with Chandler to do a sculpture as a memorial to Sydney Smith for his twenty-six years of service to the fair. In October 1916 Gulf Clouds, which she considered to be her best work, was installed at Fair Park. The bronze and grey granite sculpture, also called the Sydney Smith Memorial Fountain, is of a mother and three daughters representative of features in Texas geography. The seated mother represents Texas prairies; the left daughter represents the mountains; the Gulf, the third figure, adorned with draperies undulating like waves, lies at the feet of the other figures; a winged "Gulf Cloud" rises from the Gulf and symbolizes rain. The work, twelve feet high, thirty-five feet in diameter, and five tons in weight, was done in Chicago between 1912 and 1916. After Gulf Clouds was dedicated the sculptor lived in Chicago until 1936, when she moved to Santa Monica, California, and started a studio. She died on July 11, 1961, in Santa Monica.


Jerry Bywaters, Seventy-Five Years of Art in Dallas: The History of the Dallas Art Association and the Dallas Museum of Fine Arts (Dallas: Dallas Museum of Fine Arts, 1978). Diana Church, Guide to Dallas Artists, 1890–1917 (Plano, Texas, 1987). Frances Battaile Fisk, A History of Texas Artists and Sculptors (Abilene, Texas, 1928; facsimile rpt., Austin: Morrison, 1986). Esse Forrester-O'Brien, Art and Artists of Texas (Dallas: Tardy, 1935).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Diana Church, "CHANDLER, CLYDE GILTNER," accessed July 15, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fch57.

Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Modified on October 20, 2017. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...