While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


Kelly Pigott

CARRELL, WILLIAM BEALL (1883–1944). William Beall Carrell, an orthopedic surgeon known for his humanitarian efforts with crippled children, was born in Lawrenceburg, Tennessee, on December 21, 1883, the only son of six children of Dr. C. A. and Jennie L. (Herrin) Carrell; the elder Carrell practiced medicine in Cedar Hill, Texas. William Carrell attended college at Southwestern University at Georgetown, where he received his bachelor of science degree in 1905. On September 20 of the same year he married Beulah Stewart of Dallas, the daughter of J. H. Stewart, the district clerk of Dallas County. William and Beulah had two sons and one daughter. Carrell received his degree in medicine in 1908 at Southwestern Medical School in Dallas and interned at St. Paul's Sanitarium in Dallas from 1908 to 1910. He remained in the city to practice until the outbreak of World War I. He joined the United States Army Medical Corp in December 1917 and was assigned successively to Oklahoma City, Houston, New Orleans, Washington, D.C., Liverpool, England, various sites in France, and finally New York City. He left the army in August 1919 with the rank of major.

Upon returning to Dallas after the war he focused his career on orthopedic surgery, especially among children. He was active in getting state legislation passed to secure care for impoverished children suffering from paralysis. Carrell was one of the founding organizers of the Texas Society for Crippled Children, and he also served on the orthopedic board of the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis. He did his main work at the Carrell-Girard Clinic in Dallas, where he was senior member. He also served as orthopedic surgeon for Baylor, Methodist, and Parkland hospitals. He was the chief surgeon for the Scottish Rite Hospital for Crippled Children and the Dallas Orthopedic Hospital, and he taught at the Baylor School of Medicine as professor of orthopedic surgery. In 1925 Carrell received the Linz Award, a prestigious honor for Dallas citizens, for outstanding service.

He was a member of the American Medical Association, the Southern Medical Association, the Texas, North Texas, and Dallas Medical societies, and the American College of Surgeons. He was also a member of the Phi Delta Theta and the Kappa Psi fraternities. He was a thirty-third-degree Mason and a member of the Scottish Rite and the Hella Temple Shrine. His other memberships included the Dallas Athletic Club, the Dallas Country Club, the Dallas Automobile Country Club, and the Rotary Club. He was a member of Highland Park Methodist Church. He died at his home in Dallas on February 23, 1944.

Dallas Morning News, February 24, 1944. Dallas Times Herald, February 23, 1944. Ellis A. Davis and Edwin H. Grobe, comps., The Encyclopedia of Texas (2 vol. ed., 1922?). Texas State Journal of Medicine, April 1944.

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Kelly Pigott, "CARRELL, WILLIAM BEALL," accessed May 26, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fcacs.

Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...