While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


Margaret Swett Henson

CARTWRIGHT, THOMAS NOTLEY (ca. 1798–1846). Thomas Notley Cartwright, soldier in the War of 1812 and one of Stephen F. Austin's Old Three Hundred, was born about 1798 in Georgia, the second son of Thomas Notley and Martha Cartwright and a cousin of John Cartwright of San Augustine County, Texas. His father moved the family to Wilson County, Tennessee, by 1812, where his three brothers had settled. Young Cartwright served at the battle of New Orleans with the Tennessee militia and received bounty land. He settled in Natchitoches Parish, Louisiana, where he married Ann Davis in 1823.

The same year he moved to Ayish Bayou in Texas after buying the improvements of Daniel McLean. He moved the following year to Austin's grant, where he received a league on the Colorado River and a labor just below San Felipe on August 10, 1824. He voted in the alcalde election at San Felipe on December 22, 1824. Early in 1825 he sold his land and returned to Ayish Bayou, where he farmed and worked at his cousin's cotton gin over the next decade. He applied for and received a headright in the area that became Polk County from special commissioner Charles S. Taylor in 1835. At this time he had five children and one slave. Cartwright served in the Texas army from July to September 1836 and located his bounty land in San Augustine County, where he lived until about 1845. He then moved his family to Houston County. There he died in October 1846. His widow and sons still lived there as late as 1860.

Eugene C. Barker, ed., The Austin Papers (3 vols., Washington: GPO, 1924–28). Mary Smith Fay, War of 1812 Veterans in Texas (New Orleans: Polyanthos, 1979). Thomas L. Miller, Bounty and Donation Land Grants of Texas, 1835–1888 (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1967). Marion Day Mullins, First Census of Texas, 1829–1836, and Other Early Records of the Republic of Texas (Washington: National Genealogical Society, 1959). Virginia H. Taylor, Index to Spanish and Mexican Land Grants (Austin: General Land Office, 1976).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Margaret Swett Henson, "CARTWRIGHT, THOMAS NOTLEY," accessed August 11, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fca78.

Uploaded on August 7, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...