CAMPBELL, CHARLES AUGUSTUS ROSENHEIMER
CAMPBELL, CHARLES AUGUSTUS ROSENHEIMER (1865–1931). Charles A. R. Campbell, doctor, was born in 1865 in San Antonio. He acquired his early education there, received a medical degree from Tulane University, and returned to San Antonio, where he practiced for many years. He was president of the San Antonio Academy of Medicine at one time. After becoming interested in the extermination of fever-carrying mosquitoes, he discovered that the bat was a foe of the mosquito and constructed large roosts in which bats could feed, sleep, and deposit guano, which attracted mosquitoes. In this manner Campbell attempted to eradicate the insect in large numbers and reduce the incidence of disease. He also benefited financially from the sale of guano. Campbell published his findings in Bats, Mosquitoes, and Dollars (1925), which was lauded by such notable naturalists as Theodore Roosevelt, Lord Rothschild, and Ernest Thompson Seton. Later studies, however, have found that only certain species of bats eat mosquitoes in appreciable numbers, and that bats are not as significant a factor in mosquito control as Campbell suggested. Campbell was married to Ida Hoyer, and they had one son. Campbell died on February 22, 1931.
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, S. W. Pease, "Campbell, Charles Augustus Rosenheimer," accessed April 30, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fca31.
Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Get Texas history every day,
with day by day
Each day's email tells a little bit more of the story of Texas and links to our collection of more than 27,000 articles