While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


CALZONES COLORADOS (?–?). Calzones Colorados (Red Breeches) was chief of an Orcoquiza Indian village east of the Trinity River ten or fifteen miles from its mouth. When several Frenchmen under Joseph Blancpain were arrested in October 1754, their goods were confiscated, and their huts were given to Calzones Colorados by the Spanish, who had also given him the name. Both the Spanish and French tried to use the chief as a pawn in their diplomatic game for control of Southeast Texas. In 1760 Calzones Colorados reported that Louis Juchereau de St. Denis had sent two Bidai Indians to bribe him to come to Natchitoches, Louisiana, to secure ammunition to kill the Spanish at El Orcoquisac but that he had refused the bribe. The Spanish contributed to his village two cattle and five fanegas of corn a week to secure the Indians as neophytes of Nuestra Señora de la Luz Mission. In 1764 Calzones was an intermediary in the quarrel between Rafael Martínez Pacheco and Marcos Ruiz over the administration of San Agustín de Ahumada Presidio and was bribed by Pacheco to oppose attempts to remove the Trinity River missions to Los Horconcitos. The Spanish finally abandoned the area in 1771 but later named one of the tributaries of the Trinity Arroyo de Calzones in honor of the chief.


Herbert Eugene Bolton, Texas in the Middle Eighteenth Century: Studies in Spanish Colonial History and Administration (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1915; rpt., Austin: University of Texas Press, 1970).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, "CALZONES COLORADOS," accessed August 10, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fca23.

Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Modified on April 11, 2020. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...