While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


Anne W. Hooker

BUCHANAN, JAMES PAUL (1867–1937). James Paul Buchanan was born in Midway, Orangeburg County, South Carolina, on April 30, 1867. That year his parents moved to Washington County, Texas, where he attended school and grew to manhood. He completed his education in law at the University of Texas in 1889. After graduation, he returned to Washington County, began practicing law, and became involved in politics. He was elected justice of the peace in 1889 and served as the county prosecuting attorney from 1892 to 1899, when he became district attorney for the Twenty-first Judicial District. Buchanan was elected to the state legislature in 1906 and was reelected continuously to state office until 1913, when he won the seat in the United States House of Representatives vacated by Albert Sidney Burleson, who had accepted a cabinet position in the Wilson administration. Buchanan became chairman of the Committee on Appropriations and held that post until his death, on February 22, 1937. His seat was taken by Lyndon Baines Johnson. Buchanan Dam and Lake Buchanan, near Burnet, were named for him.

Alcalde (magazine of the Ex-Students' Association of the University of Texas), March 1937. Bryan Eagle, February 2, 1937. P. A. Grant, "East Texas Congressmen during the New Deal," East Texas Historical Journal 11 (Fall 1973). United States Congress, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774–1989 (Washington: GPO, 1989). Vertical Files, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin.

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Anne W. Hooker, "BUCHANAN, JAMES PAUL," accessed July 10, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fbu01.

Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...