BROWER, CECIL LEE
BROWER, CECIL LEE (1914–1965). Born on November 28, 1914, in Bellevue, Texas, Cecil Brower was one of the creative forces behind the development of western swing and forged the genre’s fiddle style. The only child of Vera and Hubert Brower, he moved with his family to San Pedro, California, but the family eventually moved back to Texas and settled in Fort Worth in 1924. Brower graduated from Polytechnic High School. At the insistence of his father, Brower took formal violin lessons from classical violinist Wylbert Brown, a member of WBAP radio’s studio orchestra. A fellow student was Kenneth Pitts, and they were to play together later in the Southern Melody Boys and the Light Crust Doughboys.
Brower was a music major at Texas Christian University and played briefly with the Dallas Symphony Orchestra. In 1931 he joined the Southern Melody Boys, with Pitts, after working with the Junior Harmony Club. Both were influenced by the jazz of the day and by big bands. Brower’s formal training provided him with a much more sophisticated technique than that of other “hillbilly” fiddle players and allowed him to improvise freely. The Southern Melody Boys were one of the first bands to feature improvised solos, which were modeled on the style of jazz violinist Joe Venuti. Brower was the first fiddle player to use Venuti’s “double shuffle” bowing technique and taught it to fellow Texas fiddlers in the 1930s. Brower also learned more traditional forms from Ocie Stockard, Jesse Ashlock, and Cliff Bruner, all of whom he worked with in Milton Brown’s Musical Brownies.
Brower joined Milton Brown’s Musical Brownies in 1933, and his jazz-oriented influence began to shift the Brownies from being a string band to being a western swing group. His style of playing became the model for western swing playing, and with Jesse Ashlock, he created the twin fiddle duet that became an integral part of western swing. Brower developed it further with Cliff Bruner, and it is featured on a number of the Musical Brownies recordings. Brower played on all of Brown’s recordings from 1934 to 1936, when Brown died in a one-car accident.
The Brownies played regularly in Waco, where Brower met breakdown fiddler Jeff Knight. They became good friends. On March 21, 1937, in Cleburne, Texas, Brower married Knight’s daughter, Sybil; he had met her a year earlier at a dance at the Woodmen of the World lodge in Waco.
Brower departed from the Brownies several times—once to join Ted Fio Rito’s orchestra in New York and twice to play with the Georgie Porgie Boys in Columbus, Ohio. “Georgie Porgie” was a breakfast cereal whose parent company sponsored hillbilly bands in the Northeast area. Former Brownies fiddler Ted Grantham was playing with Hugh Cross and his Radio Gang on WWVA in Wheeling, West Virginia, and may have been instrumental in getting Brower the job. While playing with the Georgie Porgie Boys, Brower entered a fiddler’s contest and won the trophy for being “National Champion Fiddler for 1935.”
Following Brown’s untimely death in 1936, Brower left the Musical Brownies, who continued for a while under the leadership of Milton Brown’s brother Derwood. Brower then joined the music staff of radio station WRR in Dallas. He also played dance dates with Roy Newman and his Boys.
In October 1936 Brower was invited to record with Bill Boyd and his Cowboy Ramblers in San Antonio. In June 1937 Brower again recorded, this time with steel guitarist Bob Dunn. They had played together in the Brownies. The same week, Brower cut his only sides with Bob Wills and the Texas Playboys, reuniting him with another former Brownie, Jesse Ashlock, on sessions recorded in Dallas. Among the titles were “Rosetta,” “Mexicali Rose,” “Ding Dong Daddy From Dumas,” and the Milton Brown song “Sunbonnet Sue.”
He then toured with Ted Fio Rito’s orchestra and returned to Texas in 1939, when he joined the Light Crust Doughboys and replaced Buck Buchanan as a lead player in the group that featured Marvin “Smokey” Montgomery on banjo. He was also reunited with Kenneth Pitts, a longtime Doughboys member.
Brower stayed with the Light Crust Doughboys until 1942 when he joined the Coast Guard for the remainder of World War II. He served until 1946 and then returned to his music career, playing with the Hi-Flyers briefly before forming his own band in 1947, Cecil Brower’s Cowboy Band, in his hometown of Fort Worth. He moved the band to Odessa in 1948 and renamed it Cecil Brower and His Kilocycle Cowboys. They played the Oasis nightclub and on radio station KECK. In 1949 Brower joined steel guitarist Leon McAuliffe’s band and then played with Al Dexter and his Troopers from 1949 to 1951. He joined Patsy Montana (“I Wanna Be a Cowboy’s Sweetheart”) and her Pardners, and then worked with the Coffee Grinders, who were actually the Light Crust Doughboys performing under a temporary name change.
In 1955 Brower became a member of the ABC-TV’s Ozark Jubilee, broadcast from Springfield, Missouri. The program became Country Music Jubilee in 1957 and was renamed yet again in 1958 as Jubilee, U.S.A. Brower worked with such notables as Red Foley, Patsy Cline, and Johnny Cash. In 1960 Brower was playing with the Bob Bohm Trio, a Fort Worth-based group. Then came a move to Nashville, where his jazz-tinged fiddle work made him a busy session musician. He recorded with Elvis Presley, Patsy Cline, Roy Orbison, Marty Robbins, and Loretta Lynn, among others.
In 1962 “Cousin” Cecil Brower and his Square Dance Fiddlers cut an album called America’s Favorite Square Dances for Mercury. In 1970 the Cumberland label released the album Old Fashioned Country Hoedown, featuring Brower’s fiddle.
Brower joined Jimmy Dean’s band in 1963 and appeared with him on the ABC-TV series, The Jimmy Dean Show. Brower played with Dean at New York’s Carnegie Hall on November 21, 1965. At a party at the Waldorf Astoria following the concert, Brower died suddenly from a perforated ulcer. He would have celebrated his fifty-first birthday the following week.
Cecil Brower is a member of the Texas Music Hall of Fame, the Cowtown Society of Western Music Hall of Fame, and the Texas Western Swing Hall of Fame as a member of the Light Crust Doughboys. He was also honored in the Texas Western Swing Hall of Fame as an individual in 1990.
Jean A. Boyd, The Jazz of the Southwest: An Oral History of Western Swing (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1998). Carey Ginnel, Milton Brown and the Founding of Western Swing (Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1994). Paul Kingsbury, ed., The Encyclopedia of Country Music: The Ultimate Guide to Country Music (New York: Oxford University Press, 1998). Charles R. Townsend, San Antonio Rose: The Life and Music of Bob Wills (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, Illinois Books Edition, 1986).
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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Tony Wilson, "Brower, Cecil Lee," accessed July 28, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fbren.
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