Thomas W. Cutrer

BOLTON, JOHN THOMAS (1840–1915). John Thomas Bolton, soldier, physician, and politician, was born near Washington, Georgia, on March 22, 1840 (March 27, 1839, according to some sources), the son of Charles L. and Mary (Nolan) Bolton. In February 1846 his father purchased 1,000 acres of land in Wharton County, Texas, for $10,000. Bolton earned a medical degree in New Orleans and in 1856 joined his family in Wharton County. With the outbreak of the Civil War he enlisted in July 1861 as first corporal in Capt. J. F. Roberts's Reserve Cavalry company of the Wharton County Home Guards, Texas State Troops; he later joined the regular Confederate service as a private in Company C of Col. Reuben R. Brown's Thirty-fifth Texas Cavalry. He was soon promoted to assistant surgeon. With Brown's regiment he served in Texas and in the Red River campaign in Louisiana in 1864. After the war Bolton resumed his medical practice but spent most of his time as a cotton planter. He also served as a Wharton county commissioner for eight years, as county treasurer, and on the Wharton City Council. In 1869 he married Mary Rogers, the daughter of William P. Rogers. The couple had three children. Bolton was a member of the United Confederate Veterans. He died at Wharton on March 29, 1915. His correspondence, diary, and plantation records are preserved in the Barker Texas History Center at the University of Texas at Austin.

John Thomas Bolton Papers, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin. Clement Anselm Evans, ed., Confederate Military History (Atlanta: Confederate Publishing, 1899; extended ed., Wilmington, North Carolina: Broadfoot, 1987–89). Frank W. Johnson, A History of Texas and Texans (5 vols., ed. E. C. Barker and E. W. Winkler [Chicago and New York: American Historical Society, 1914; rpt. 1916]).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Thomas W. Cutrer, "BOLTON, JOHN THOMAS," accessed August 19, 2019,

Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

Get this week's most popular Handbook of Texas articles delivered straight to your inbox